8.2.x form.api.php hook_form_alter(&$form, \Drupal\Core\Form\FormStateInterface $form_state, $form_id)
8.0.x form.api.php hook_form_alter(&$form, \Drupal\Core\Form\FormStateInterface $form_state, $form_id)
8.1.x form.api.php hook_form_alter(&$form, \Drupal\Core\Form\FormStateInterface $form_state, $form_id)
8.3.x form.api.php hook_form_alter(&$form, \Drupal\Core\Form\FormStateInterface $form_state, $form_id)
4.7.x core.php hook_form_alter($form_id, &$form)
5.x core.php hook_form_alter($form_id, &$form)
6.x core.php hook_form_alter(&$form, &$form_state, $form_id)
7.x system.api.php hook_form_alter(&$form, &$form_state, $form_id)

Perform alterations before a form is rendered.

One popular use of this hook is to add form elements to the node form. When altering a node form, the node entity can be retrieved by invoking $form_state->getFormObject()->getEntity().

Implementations are responsible for adding cache contexts/tags/max-age as needed. See https://www.drupal.org/developing/api/8/cache.

In addition to hook_form_alter(), which is called for all forms, there are two more specific form hooks available. The first, hook_form_BASE_FORM_ID_alter(), allows targeting of a form/forms via a base form (if one exists). The second, hook_form_FORM_ID_alter(), can be used to target a specific form directly.

The call order is as follows: all existing form alter functions are called for module A, then all for module B, etc., followed by all for any base theme(s), and finally for the theme itself. The module order is determined by system weight, then by module name.

Within each module, form alter hooks are called in the following order: first, hook_form_alter(); second, hook_form_BASE_FORM_ID_alter(); third, hook_form_FORM_ID_alter(). So, for each module, the more general hooks are called first followed by the more specific.


$form: Nested array of form elements that comprise the form.

$form_state: The current state of the form. The arguments that \Drupal::formBuilder()->getForm() was originally called with are available in the array $form_state->getBuildInfo()['args'].

$form_id: String representing the name of the form itself. Typically this is the name of the function that generated the form.

See also



Related topics

52 functions implement hook_form_alter()

Note: this list is generated by pattern matching, so it may include some functions that are not actually implementations of this hook.

bartik_form_alter in core/themes/bartik/bartik.theme
Implements hook_form_alter() to add classes to the search form.
bartik_theme_suggestions_form_alter in core/themes/bartik/bartik.theme
Implements hook_theme_suggestions_HOOK_alter() for form templates.
block_form_form_test_alter_form_alter in core/modules/system/tests/modules/form_test/form_test.module
Implements hook_form_FORM_ID_alter() on behalf of block.module.
book_form_node_confirm_form_alter in core/modules/book/book.module
Implements hook_form_BASE_FORM_ID_alter() for \Drupal\node\Form\NodeDeleteForm.
book_form_node_form_alter in core/modules/book/book.module
Implements hook_form_BASE_FORM_ID_alter() for \Drupal\node\NodeForm.

... See full list


core/lib/Drupal/Core/Form/form.api.php, line 201
Callbacks and hooks related to form system.


function hook_form_alter(&$form, \Drupal\Core\Form\FormStateInterface $form_state, $form_id) {
  if (isset($form['type']) && $form['type']['#value'] . '_node_settings' == $form_id) {
    $upload_enabled_types = \Drupal::config('mymodule.settings')->get('upload_enabled_types');
    $form['workflow']['upload_' . $form['type']['#value']] = array(
      '#type' => 'radios',
      '#title' => t('Attachments'),
      '#default_value' => in_array($form['type']['#value'], $upload_enabled_types) ? 1 : 0,
      '#options' => array(t('Disabled'), t('Enabled')),
    // Add a custom submit handler to save the array of types back to the config file.
    $form['actions']['submit']['#submit'][] = 'mymodule_upload_enabled_types_submit';


ArchieV’s picture

Faced issue where I was needed to set multiple default values to multi-valued textfield.
Since you need to set default value per widget, you cannot just pass array of values as you did on D7.

My solution was:

$i = 0;
if ($i > 0) {
  $form['field_my_field']['widget'][$i] = $form['field_my_field']['widget'][0];
  $form['field_my_field']['widget'][$i]['#delta'] = $i;
  $form['field_my_field']['widget'][$i]['#weight'] = $i;
  $form['field_my_field']['widget'][$i++]['value']['#default_value'] = $id;
else {
  $form['field_my_field']['widget'][$i++]['value']['#default_value'] = $id;

So basically I just copy widget from first element, change delta and set default value. Stupid, but works.
Any better solution for that?

sjpagan’s picture

Hi, i'm trying to extract title of field in form_alter using drupal 8, how can I do ?
I see the data using kint


but it is protected

sasquatch_codes’s picture

You can get the $form['mail']['#title'] like so: kint($form['mail']['#title']->__toString()); and it'll return something along the lines of string(18) "Your email address". Also, the best thing you can do to figure out how to access a value is by looking at the Available Methods tab, that'll have a nice list of helpful methods for you.

itlakshman’s picture

I created field in my content type (training number), where i can hidden my number. but when i try to alter the title to (training code) in form alter unsuccessful. kindly suggest me in solution for form alter

nehapandya55’s picture

function digicare_form_alter(&$form, \Drupal\Core\Form\FormStateInterface $form_state, $form_id){
   $user = \Drupal::currentUser();
   $uid = \Drupal::currentUser()->id();
   $roles = $user->getRoles();
   if (in_array('administrator', $roles) || in_array('admin_staff', $roles)) {
      if($form_id = "user_register_form"){
        /* for text field type value required false*/
	$form['field_first_name']['widget'][0]['value']['#required'] = 0;
	$form['field_last_name']['widget'][0]['value']['#required'] = 0;
	/* for select type value required false*/
	$form['field_gender']['widget']['#required'] = 0;
        /* for taxonomy type value required false*/
	$form['field_specializtaion']['widget'][0]['target_id']['#required'] = 0;
	$form['field_first_name']['#access'] = FALSE;
	$form['field_last_name']['#access'] = FALSE;
	$form['field_gender']['#access'] = FALSE;
	$form['field_specializtaion']['#access'] = FALSE;