1. 8.5.x core/lib/Drupal/Core/Template/Attribute.php Attribute
  2. 8.5.x vendor/doctrine/annotations/lib/Doctrine/Common/Annotations/Annotation/Attribute.php Attribute
  3. 8.0.x core/lib/Drupal/Core/Template/Attribute.php Attribute
  4. 8.0.x vendor/doctrine/annotations/lib/Doctrine/Common/Annotations/Annotation/Attribute.php Attribute
  5. 8.1.x vendor/doctrine/annotations/lib/Doctrine/Common/Annotations/Annotation/Attribute.php Attribute
  6. 8.1.x core/lib/Drupal/Core/Template/Attribute.php Attribute
  7. 8.2.x vendor/doctrine/annotations/lib/Doctrine/Common/Annotations/Annotation/Attribute.php Attribute
  8. 8.2.x core/lib/Drupal/Core/Template/Attribute.php Attribute
  9. 8.3.x core/lib/Drupal/Core/Template/Attribute.php Attribute
  10. 8.3.x vendor/doctrine/annotations/lib/Doctrine/Common/Annotations/Annotation/Attribute.php Attribute
  11. 8.4.x core/lib/Drupal/Core/Template/Attribute.php Attribute
  12. 8.4.x vendor/doctrine/annotations/lib/Doctrine/Common/Annotations/Annotation/Attribute.php Attribute
  13. 8.6.x vendor/doctrine/annotations/lib/Doctrine/Common/Annotations/Annotation/Attribute.php Attribute
  14. 8.6.x core/lib/Drupal/Core/Template/Attribute.php Attribute

Collects, sanitizes, and renders HTML attributes.

To use, optionally pass in an associative array of defined attributes, or add attributes using array syntax. For example:

$attributes = new Attribute(array(
  'id' => 'socks',
));
$attributes['class'] = array(
  'black-cat',
  'white-cat',
);
$attributes['class'][] = 'black-white-cat';
echo '<cat' . $attributes . '>';

// Produces <cat id="socks" class="black-cat white-cat black-white-cat">

$attributes always prints out all the attributes. For example:

$attributes = new Attribute(array(
  'id' => 'socks',
));
$attributes['class'] = array(
  'black-cat',
  'white-cat',
);
$attributes['class'][] = 'black-white-cat';
echo '<cat class="cat ' . $attributes['class'] . '"' . $attributes . '>';

// Produces <cat class="cat black-cat white-cat black-white-cat" id="socks" class="cat black-cat white-cat black-white-cat">

When printing out individual attributes to customize them within a Twig template, use the "without" filter to prevent attributes that have already been printed from being printed again. For example:


 class') }}>
 {# Produces cat black-cat white-cat black-white-cat my-custom-class" id="socks"> #}

The attribute keys and values are automatically escaped for output with Html::escape(). No protocol filtering is applied, so when using user-entered input as a value for an attribute that expects an URI (href, src, ...), UrlHelper::stripDangerousProtocols() should be used to ensure dangerous protocols (such as 'javascript:') are removed. For example:

$path = 'javascript:alert("xss");';
$path = UrlHelper::stripDangerousProtocols($path);
$attributes = new Attribute(array(
  'href' => $path,
));
echo '<a' . $attributes . '>';

// Produces <a href="alert(&quot;xss&quot;);">

The attribute values are considered plain text and are treated as such. If a safe HTML string is detected, it is converted to plain text with PlainTextOutput::renderFromHtml() before being escaped. For example:

$value = t('Highlight the @tag tag', [
  '@tag' => '<em>',
]);
$attributes = new Attribute([
  'value' => $value,
]);
echo '<input' . $attributes . '>';

// Produces <input value="Highlight the &lt;em&gt; tag">

Hierarchy

  • class \Drupal\Core\Template\Attribute implements \Drupal\Core\Template\ArrayAccess, \Drupal\Core\Template\IteratorAggregate, MarkupInterface

Expanded class hierarchy of Attribute

See also

\Drupal\Component\Utility\Html::escape()

\Drupal\Component\Render\PlainTextOutput::renderFromHtml()

\Drupal\Component\Utility\UrlHelper::stripDangerousProtocols()

31 files declare their use of Attribute
ActiveLinkResponseFilterTest.php in core/tests/Drupal/Tests/Core/EventSubscriber/ActiveLinkResponseFilterTest.php
AttributesTest.php in core/tests/Drupal/Tests/Core/Common/AttributesTest.php
AttributeTest.php in core/tests/Drupal/Tests/Core/Template/AttributeTest.php
bartik.theme in core/themes/bartik/bartik.theme
Functions to support theming in the Bartik theme.
book.module in core/modules/book/book.module
Allows users to create and organize related content in an outline.

... See full list

1 string reference to 'Attribute'
tour.schema.yml in core/modules/tour/config/schema/tour.schema.yml
core/modules/tour/config/schema/tour.schema.yml

File

core/lib/Drupal/Core/Template/Attribute.php, line 65

Namespace

Drupal\Core\Template
View source
class Attribute implements \ArrayAccess, \IteratorAggregate, MarkupInterface {

  /**
   * Stores the attribute data.
   *
   * @var \Drupal\Core\Template\AttributeValueBase[]
   */
  protected $storage = array();

  /**
   * Constructs a \Drupal\Core\Template\Attribute object.
   *
   * @param array $attributes
   *   An associative array of key-value pairs to be converted to attributes.
   */
  public function __construct($attributes = array()) {
    foreach ($attributes as $name => $value) {
      $this
        ->offsetSet($name, $value);
    }
  }

  /**
   * {@inheritdoc}
   */
  public function offsetGet($name) {
    if (isset($this->storage[$name])) {
      return $this->storage[$name];
    }
  }

  /**
   * {@inheritdoc}
   */
  public function offsetSet($name, $value) {
    $this->storage[$name] = $this
      ->createAttributeValue($name, $value);
  }

  /**
   * Creates the different types of attribute values.
   *
   * @param string $name
   *   The attribute name.
   * @param mixed $value
   *   The attribute value.
   *
   * @return \Drupal\Core\Template\AttributeValueBase
   *   An AttributeValueBase representation of the attribute's value.
   */
  protected function createAttributeValue($name, $value) {

    // If the value is already an AttributeValueBase object,
    // return a new instance of the same class, but with the new name.
    if ($value instanceof AttributeValueBase) {
      $class = get_class($value);
      return new $class($name, $value
        ->value());
    }

    // An array value or 'class' attribute name are forced to always be an
    // AttributeArray value for consistency.
    if ($name == 'class' && !is_array($value)) {

      // Cast the value to string in case it implements MarkupInterface.
      $value = [
        (string) $value,
      ];
    }
    if (is_array($value)) {

      // Cast the value to an array if the value was passed in as a string.
      // @todo Decide to fix all the broken instances of class as a string
      // in core or cast them.
      $value = new AttributeArray($name, $value);
    }
    elseif (is_bool($value)) {
      $value = new AttributeBoolean($name, $value);
    }
    elseif ($value instanceof MarkupInterface) {

      // Attributes are not supposed to display HTML markup, so we just convert
      // the value to plain text.
      $value = PlainTextOutput::renderFromHtml($value);
      $value = new AttributeString($name, $value);
    }
    elseif (!is_object($value)) {
      $value = new AttributeString($name, $value);
    }
    return $value;
  }

  /**
   * {@inheritdoc}
   */
  public function offsetUnset($name) {
    unset($this->storage[$name]);
  }

  /**
   * {@inheritdoc}
   */
  public function offsetExists($name) {
    return isset($this->storage[$name]);
  }

  /**
   * Adds classes or merges them on to array of existing CSS classes.
   *
   * @param string|array ...
   *   CSS classes to add to the class attribute array.
   *
   * @return $this
   */
  public function addClass() {
    $args = func_get_args();
    if ($args) {
      $classes = array();
      foreach ($args as $arg) {

        // Merge the values passed in from the classes array.
        // The argument is cast to an array to support comma separated single
        // values or one or more array arguments.
        $classes = array_merge($classes, (array) $arg);
      }

      // Merge if there are values, just add them otherwise.
      if (isset($this->storage['class']) && $this->storage['class'] instanceof AttributeArray) {

        // Merge the values passed in from the class value array.
        $classes = array_merge($this->storage['class']
          ->value(), $classes);
        $this->storage['class']
          ->exchangeArray($classes);
      }
      else {
        $this
          ->offsetSet('class', $classes);
      }
    }
    return $this;
  }

  /**
   * Sets values for an attribute key.
   *
   * @param string $attribute
   *   Name of the attribute.
   * @param string|array $value
   *   Value(s) to set for the given attribute key.
   *
   * @return $this
   */
  public function setAttribute($attribute, $value) {
    $this
      ->offsetSet($attribute, $value);
    return $this;
  }

  /**
   * Removes an attribute from an Attribute object.
   *
   * @param string|array ...
   *   Attributes to remove from the attribute array.
   *
   * @return $this
   */
  public function removeAttribute() {
    $args = func_get_args();
    foreach ($args as $arg) {

      // Support arrays or multiple arguments.
      if (is_array($arg)) {
        foreach ($arg as $value) {
          unset($this->storage[$value]);
        }
      }
      else {
        unset($this->storage[$arg]);
      }
    }
    return $this;
  }

  /**
   * Removes argument values from array of existing CSS classes.
   *
   * @param string|array ...
   *   CSS classes to remove from the class attribute array.
   *
   * @return $this
   */
  public function removeClass() {

    // With no class attribute, there is no need to remove.
    if (isset($this->storage['class']) && $this->storage['class'] instanceof AttributeArray) {
      $args = func_get_args();
      $classes = array();
      foreach ($args as $arg) {

        // Merge the values passed in from the classes array.
        // The argument is cast to an array to support comma separated single
        // values or one or more array arguments.
        $classes = array_merge($classes, (array) $arg);
      }

      // Remove the values passed in from the value array. Use array_values() to
      // ensure that the array index remains sequential.
      $classes = array_values(array_diff($this->storage['class']
        ->value(), $classes));
      $this->storage['class']
        ->exchangeArray($classes);
    }
    return $this;
  }

  /**
   * Checks if the class array has the given CSS class.
   *
   * @param string $class
   *   The CSS class to check for.
   *
   * @return bool
   *   Returns TRUE if the class exists, or FALSE otherwise.
   */
  public function hasClass($class) {
    if (isset($this->storage['class']) && $this->storage['class'] instanceof AttributeArray) {
      return in_array($class, $this->storage['class']
        ->value());
    }
    else {
      return FALSE;
    }
  }

  /**
   * Implements the magic __toString() method.
   */
  public function __toString() {
    $return = '';

    /** @var \Drupal\Core\Template\AttributeValueBase $value */
    foreach ($this->storage as $name => $value) {
      $rendered = $value
        ->render();
      if ($rendered) {
        $return .= ' ' . $rendered;
      }
    }
    return $return;
  }

  /**
   * Returns all storage elements as an array.
   *
   * @return array
   *   An associative array of attributes.
   */
  public function toArray() {
    $return = [];
    foreach ($this->storage as $name => $value) {
      $return[$name] = $value
        ->value();
    }
    return $return;
  }

  /**
   * Implements the magic __clone() method.
   */
  public function __clone() {
    foreach ($this->storage as $name => $value) {
      $this->storage[$name] = clone $value;
    }
  }

  /**
   * {@inheritdoc}
   */
  public function getIterator() {
    return new \ArrayIterator($this->storage);
  }

  /**
   * Returns the whole array.
   */
  public function storage() {
    return $this->storage;
  }

  /**
   * Returns a representation of the object for use in JSON serialization.
   *
   * @return string
   *   The safe string content.
   */
  public function jsonSerialize() {
    return (string) $this;
  }

}

Members

Contains filters are case sensitive
Namesort descending Modifiers Type Description Overrides
Attribute::$storage protected property Stores the attribute data.
Attribute::addClass public function Adds classes or merges them on to array of existing CSS classes.
Attribute::createAttributeValue protected function Creates the different types of attribute values.
Attribute::getIterator public function
Attribute::hasClass public function Checks if the class array has the given CSS class.
Attribute::jsonSerialize public function Returns a representation of the object for use in JSON serialization.
Attribute::offsetExists public function
Attribute::offsetGet public function
Attribute::offsetSet public function
Attribute::offsetUnset public function
Attribute::removeAttribute public function Removes an attribute from an Attribute object.
Attribute::removeClass public function Removes argument values from array of existing CSS classes.
Attribute::setAttribute public function Sets values for an attribute key.
Attribute::storage public function Returns the whole array.
Attribute::toArray public function Returns all storage elements as an array.
Attribute::__clone public function Implements the magic __clone() method.
Attribute::__construct public function Constructs a \Drupal\Core\Template\Attribute object.
Attribute::__toString public function Implements the magic __toString() method. Overrides MarkupInterface::__toString