7 common.inc format_date($timestamp, $type = 'medium', $format = '', $timezone = NULL, $langcode = NULL)
4.6 common.inc format_date($timestamp, $type = 'medium', $format = '', $timezone = NULL)
4.7 common.inc format_date($timestamp, $type = 'medium', $format = '', $timezone = NULL)
5 common.inc format_date($timestamp, $type = 'medium', $format = '', $timezone = NULL)
6 common.inc format_date($timestamp, $type = 'medium', $format = '', $timezone = NULL, $langcode = NULL)
8 common.inc format_date($timestamp, $type = 'medium', $format = '', $timezone = NULL, $langcode = NULL)

Format a date with the given configured format or a custom format string.

Drupal allows administrators to select formatting strings for 'small', 'medium' and 'large' date formats. This function can handle these formats, as well as any custom format.

Parameters

$timestamp: The exact date to format, as a UNIX timestamp.

$type: The format to use. Can be "small", "medium" or "large" for the preconfigured date formats. If "custom" is specified, then $format is required as well.

$format: A PHP date format string as required by date(). A backslash should be used before a character to avoid interpreting the character as part of a date format.

$timezone: Time zone offset in seconds; if omitted, the user's time zone is used.

Return value

A translated date string in the requested format.

Related topics

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Blogging API callback. Modifies the specified blog node.
blogapi_blogger_new_post in modules/blogapi/blogapi.module
Blogging API callback. Inserts a new blog post as a node.
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chameleon_node in themes/chameleon/chameleon.theme
comment.tpl.php in themes/garland/comment.tpl.php

... See full list

File

includes/common.inc, line 1209
Common functions that many Drupal modules will need to reference.

Code

function format_date($timestamp, $type = 'medium', $format = '', $timezone = NULL) {
  if (!isset($timezone)) {
    global $user;
    if (variable_get('configurable_timezones', 1) && $user->uid && strlen($user->timezone)) {
      $timezone = $user->timezone;
    }
    else {
      $timezone = variable_get('date_default_timezone', 0);
    }
  }

  $timestamp += $timezone;

  switch ($type) {
    case 'small':
      $format = variable_get('date_format_short', 'm/d/Y - H:i');
      break;
    case 'large':
      $format = variable_get('date_format_long', 'l, F j, Y - H:i');
      break;
    case 'custom':
      // No change to format
      break;
    case 'medium':
    default:
      $format = variable_get('date_format_medium', 'D, m/d/Y - H:i');
  }

  $max = strlen($format);
  $date = '';
  for ($i = 0; $i < $max; $i++) {
    $c = $format[$i];
    if (strpos('AaDFlM', $c) !== FALSE) {
      $date .= t(gmdate($c, $timestamp));
    }
    else if (strpos('BdgGhHiIjLmnsStTUwWYyz', $c) !== FALSE) {
      $date .= gmdate($c, $timestamp);
    }
    else if ($c == 'r') {
      $date .= format_date($timestamp - $timezone, 'custom', 'D, d M Y H:i:s O', $timezone);
    }
    else if ($c == 'O') {
      $date .= sprintf('%s%02d%02d', ($timezone < 0 ? '-' : '+'), abs($timezone / 3600), abs($timezone % 3600) / 60);
    }
    else if ($c == 'Z') {
      $date .= $timezone;
    }
    else if ($c == '\\') {
      $date .= $format[++$i];
    }
    else {
      $date .= $c;
    }
  }

  return $date;
}