1. 4.7.x includes/database.mysqli.inc
  2. 5.x includes/database.mysqli.inc
  3. 6.x includes/database.mysqli.inc

Database interface code for MySQL database servers using the mysqli client libraries. mysqli is included in PHP 5 by default and allows developers to use the advanced features of MySQL 4.1.x, 5.0.x and beyond.

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includes/database.mysqli.inc
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<?php

/**
 * @file
 * Database interface code for MySQL database servers using the mysqli client libraries. mysqli is included in PHP 5 by default and allows developers to use the advanced features of MySQL 4.1.x, 5.0.x and beyond.
 */

// Maintainers of this file should consult:
// http://www.php.net/manual/en/ref.mysqli.php

/**
 * @ingroup database
 * @{
 */

// Include functions shared between mysql and mysqli.
require_once './includes/database.mysql-common.inc';

/**
 * Report database status.
 */
function db_status_report($phase) {
  $t = get_t();
  $version = db_version();
  $form['mysql'] = array(
    'title' => $t('MySQL database'),
    'value' => $phase == 'runtime' ? l($version, 'admin/reports/status/sql') : $version,
  );
  if (version_compare($version, DRUPAL_MINIMUM_MYSQL) < 0) {
    $form['mysql']['severity'] = REQUIREMENT_ERROR;
    $form['mysql']['description'] = $t('Your MySQL Server is too old. Drupal requires at least MySQL %version.', array(
      '%version' => DRUPAL_MINIMUM_MYSQL,
    ));
  }
  return $form;
}

/**
 * Returns the version of the database server currently in use.
 *
 * @return Database server version
 */
function db_version() {
  global $active_db;
  list($version) = explode('-', mysqli_get_server_info($active_db));
  return $version;
}

/**
 * Initialise a database connection.
 *
 * Note that mysqli does not support persistent connections.
 */
function db_connect($url) {

  // Check if MySQLi support is present in PHP
  if (!function_exists('mysqli_init') && !extension_loaded('mysqli')) {
    _db_error_page('Unable to use the MySQLi database because the MySQLi extension for PHP is not installed. Check your <code>php.ini</code> to see how you can enable it.');
  }
  $url = parse_url($url);

  // Decode urlencoded information in the db connection string
  $url['user'] = urldecode($url['user']);

  // Test if database URL has a password.
  $url['pass'] = isset($url['pass']) ? urldecode($url['pass']) : '';
  $url['host'] = urldecode($url['host']);
  $url['path'] = urldecode($url['path']);
  if (!isset($url['port'])) {
    $url['port'] = NULL;
  }
  $connection = mysqli_init();
  @mysqli_real_connect($connection, $url['host'], $url['user'], $url['pass'], substr($url['path'], 1), $url['port'], NULL, MYSQLI_CLIENT_FOUND_ROWS);
  if (mysqli_connect_errno() > 0) {
    _db_error_page(mysqli_connect_error());
  }

  // Force MySQL to use the UTF-8 character set. Also set the collation, if a
  // certain one has been set; otherwise, MySQL defaults to 'utf8_general_ci'
  // for UTF-8.
  if (!empty($GLOBALS['db_collation'])) {
    mysqli_query($connection, 'SET NAMES utf8 COLLATE ' . $GLOBALS['db_collation']);
  }
  else {
    mysqli_query($connection, 'SET NAMES utf8');
  }
  return $connection;
}

/**
 * Helper function for db_query().
 */
function _db_query($query, $debug = 0) {
  global $active_db, $queries, $user;
  if (variable_get('dev_query', 0)) {
    list($usec, $sec) = explode(' ', microtime());
    $timer = (double) $usec + (double) $sec;

    // If devel.module query logging is enabled, prepend a comment with the username and calling function
    // to the SQL string. This is useful when running mysql's SHOW PROCESSLIST to learn what exact
    // code is issueing the slow query.
    $bt = debug_backtrace();

    // t() may not be available yet so we don't wrap 'Anonymous'
    $name = $user->uid ? $user->name : variable_get('anonymous', 'Anonymous');

    // str_replace() to prevent SQL injection via username or anonymous name.
    $name = str_replace(array(
      '*',
      '/',
    ), '', $name);
    $query = '/* ' . $name . ' : ' . $bt[2]['function'] . ' */ ' . $query;
  }
  $result = mysqli_query($active_db, $query);
  if (variable_get('dev_query', 0)) {
    $query = $bt[2]['function'] . "\n" . $query;
    list($usec, $sec) = explode(' ', microtime());
    $stop = (double) $usec + (double) $sec;
    $diff = $stop - $timer;
    $queries[] = array(
      $query,
      $diff,
    );
  }
  if ($debug) {
    print '<p>query: ' . $query . '<br />error:' . mysqli_error($active_db) . '</p>';
  }
  if (!mysqli_errno($active_db)) {
    return $result;
  }
  else {

    // Indicate to drupal_error_handler that this is a database error.
    ${DB_ERROR} = TRUE;
    trigger_error(check_plain(mysqli_error($active_db) . "\nquery: " . $query), E_USER_WARNING);
    return FALSE;
  }
}

/**
 * Fetch one result row from the previous query as an object.
 *
 * @param $result
 *   A database query result resource, as returned from db_query().
 * @return
 *   An object representing the next row of the result, or FALSE. The attributes
 *   of this object are the table fields selected by the query.
 */
function db_fetch_object($result) {
  if ($result) {
    $object = mysqli_fetch_object($result);
    return isset($object) ? $object : FALSE;
  }
}

/**
 * Fetch one result row from the previous query as an array.
 *
 * @param $result
 *   A database query result resource, as returned from db_query().
 * @return
 *   An associative array representing the next row of the result, or FALSE.
 *   The keys of this object are the names of the table fields selected by the
 *   query, and the values are the field values for this result row.
 */
function db_fetch_array($result) {
  if ($result) {
    $array = mysqli_fetch_array($result, MYSQLI_ASSOC);
    return isset($array) ? $array : FALSE;
  }
}

/**
 * Return an individual result field from the previous query.
 *
 * Only use this function if exactly one field is being selected; otherwise,
 * use db_fetch_object() or db_fetch_array().
 *
 * @param $result
 *   A database query result resource, as returned from db_query().
 * @return
 *   The resulting field or FALSE.
 */
function db_result($result) {
  if ($result && mysqli_num_rows($result) > 0) {

    // The mysqli_fetch_row function has an optional second parameter $row
    // but that can't be used for compatibility with Oracle, DB2, etc.
    $array = mysqli_fetch_row($result);
    return $array[0];
  }
  return FALSE;
}

/**
 * Determine whether the previous query caused an error.
 */
function db_error() {
  global $active_db;
  return mysqli_errno($active_db);
}

/**
 * Determine the number of rows changed by the preceding query.
 */
function db_affected_rows() {
  global $active_db;

  /* mysqli connection resource */
  return mysqli_affected_rows($active_db);
}

/**
 * Runs a limited-range query in the active database.
 *
 * Use this as a substitute for db_query() when a subset of the query is to be
 * returned.
 * User-supplied arguments to the query should be passed in as separate parameters
 * so that they can be properly escaped to avoid SQL injection attacks.
 *
 * @param $query
 *   A string containing an SQL query.
 * @param ...
 *   A variable number of arguments which are substituted into the query
 *   using printf() syntax. The query arguments can be enclosed in one
 *   array instead.
 *   Valid %-modifiers are: %s, %d, %f, %b (binary data, do not enclose
 *   in '') and %%.
 *
 *   NOTE: using this syntax will cast NULL and FALSE values to decimal 0,
 *   and TRUE values to decimal 1.
 *
 * @param $from
 *   The first result row to return.
 * @param $count
 *   The maximum number of result rows to return.
 * @return
 *   A database query result resource, or FALSE if the query was not executed
 *   correctly.
 */
function db_query_range($query) {
  $args = func_get_args();
  $count = array_pop($args);
  $from = array_pop($args);
  array_shift($args);
  $query = db_prefix_tables($query);
  if (isset($args[0]) and is_array($args[0])) {

    // 'All arguments in one array' syntax
    $args = $args[0];
  }
  _db_query_callback($args, TRUE);
  $query = preg_replace_callback(DB_QUERY_REGEXP, '_db_query_callback', $query);
  $query .= ' LIMIT ' . (int) $from . ', ' . (int) $count;
  return _db_query($query);
}

/**
 * Runs a SELECT query and stores its results in a temporary table.
 *
 * Use this as a substitute for db_query() when the results need to be stored
 * in a temporary table.
 * 
 * User-supplied arguments to the query should be passed in as separate parameters
 * so that they can be properly escaped to avoid SQL injection attacks.
 *
 * Note that if you need to know how many results were returned, you should do
 * a SELECT COUNT(*) on the temporary table afterwards. db_affected_rows() does
 * not give consistent result across different database types in this case.
 *
 * @param $query
 *   A string containing a normal SELECT SQL query.
 * @param ...
 *   A variable number of arguments which are substituted into the query
 *   using printf() syntax. The query arguments can be enclosed in one
 *   array instead.
 *   Valid %-modifiers are: %s, %d, %f, %b (binary data, do not enclose
 *   in '') and %%.
 *
 *   NOTE: using this syntax will cast NULL and FALSE values to decimal 0,
 *   and TRUE values to decimal 1.
 * @param $table
 *   The name of the temporary table to select into. This name will not be
 *   prefixed as there is no risk of collision.
 *
 * @return
 *   A database query result resource, or FALSE if the query was not executed
 *   correctly.
 */
function db_query_temporary($query) {
  $args = func_get_args();
  $tablename = array_pop($args);
  array_shift($args);
  $query = preg_replace('/^SELECT/i', 'CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE ' . $tablename . ' Engine=HEAP SELECT', db_prefix_tables($query));
  if (isset($args[0]) and is_array($args[0])) {

    // 'All arguments in one array' syntax
    $args = $args[0];
  }
  _db_query_callback($args, TRUE);
  $query = preg_replace_callback(DB_QUERY_REGEXP, '_db_query_callback', $query);
  return _db_query($query);
}

/**
 * Returns a properly formatted Binary Large Object value.
 *
 * @param $data
 *   Data to encode.
 * @return
 *  Encoded data.
 */
function db_encode_blob($data) {
  global $active_db;
  return "'" . mysqli_real_escape_string($active_db, $data) . "'";
}

/**
 * Returns text from a Binary Large OBject value.
 *
 * @param $data
 *   Data to decode.
 * @return
 *  Decoded data.
 */
function db_decode_blob($data) {
  return $data;
}

/**
 * Prepare user input for use in a database query, preventing SQL injection attacks.
 */
function db_escape_string($text) {
  global $active_db;
  return mysqli_real_escape_string($active_db, $text);
}

/**
 * Lock a table.
 */
function db_lock_table($table) {
  db_query('LOCK TABLES {' . db_escape_table($table) . '} WRITE');
}

/**
 * Unlock all locked tables.
 */
function db_unlock_tables() {
  db_query('UNLOCK TABLES');
}

/**
 * Check if a table exists.
 *
 * @param $table
 *   The name of the table.
 *
 * @return
 *   TRUE if the table exists, and FALSE if the table does not exist.
 */
function db_table_exists($table) {
  return (bool) db_fetch_object(db_query("SHOW TABLES LIKE '{" . db_escape_table($table) . "}'"));
}

/**
 * Check if a column exists in the given table.
 *
 * @param $table
 *   The name of the table.
 * @param $column
 *   The name of the column.
 *
 * @return
 *   TRUE if the column exists, and FALSE if the column does not exist.
 */
function db_column_exists($table, $column) {
  return (bool) db_fetch_object(db_query("SHOW COLUMNS FROM {" . db_escape_table($table) . "} LIKE '" . db_escape_table($column) . "'"));
}

/**
 * @} End of "ingroup database".
 */

Functions

Namesort descending Description
db_affected_rows Determine the number of rows changed by the preceding query.
db_column_exists Check if a column exists in the given table.
db_connect Initialise a database connection.
db_decode_blob Returns text from a Binary Large OBject value.
db_encode_blob Returns a properly formatted Binary Large Object value.
db_error Determine whether the previous query caused an error.
db_escape_string Prepare user input for use in a database query, preventing SQL injection attacks.
db_fetch_array Fetch one result row from the previous query as an array.
db_fetch_object Fetch one result row from the previous query as an object.
db_lock_table Lock a table.
db_query_range Runs a limited-range query in the active database.
db_query_temporary Runs a SELECT query and stores its results in a temporary table.
db_result Return an individual result field from the previous query.
db_status_report Report database status.
db_table_exists Check if a table exists.
db_unlock_tables Unlock all locked tables.
db_version Returns the version of the database server currently in use.
_db_query Helper function for db_query().