4.6 module.inc module_invoke_all()
4.7 module.inc module_invoke_all()
5 module.inc module_invoke_all()
6 module.inc module_invoke_all()
7 module.inc module_invoke_all($hook)

Invokes a hook in all enabled modules that implement it.

All arguments are passed by value. Use drupal_alter() if you need to pass arguments by reference.


$hook: The name of the hook to invoke.

...: Arguments to pass to the hook.

Return value

An array of return values of the hook implementations. If modules return arrays from their implementations, those are merged into one array.

See also


Related topics

147 calls to module_invoke_all()
actions_delete in includes/actions.inc
Deletes a single action from the database.
actions_list in includes/actions.inc
Discovers all available actions by invoking hook_action_info().
aggregator_remove in modules/aggregator/aggregator.module
Removes all items from a feed.
ajax_footer in includes/ajax.inc
Performs end-of-Ajax-request tasks.
archiver_get_info in includes/common.inc
Retrieves a list of all available archivers.

... See full list


includes/module.inc, line 943
API for loading and interacting with Drupal modules.


function module_invoke_all($hook) {
  $args = func_get_args();
  // Remove $hook from the arguments.
  $return = array();
  foreach (module_implements($hook) as $module) {
    $function = $module . '_' . $hook;
    if (function_exists($function)) {
      $result = call_user_func_array($function, $args);
      if (isset($result) && is_array($result)) {
        $return = array_merge_recursive($return, $result);
      elseif (isset($result)) {
        $return[] = $result;

  return $return;


Unfortunately this function and module_invoke() do not allow passing variables by reference.

To work around this, you can do something like this:

foreach (module_implements('my_hook') as $module) {
$function = $module . '_my_hook';
$function($var1, $var2);

And, make sure to have the ampersand in the hook declaration:

function my_module_my_hook(&$var1, &$var2) {
$var1 = 'do';
$var2 = 'stuff';

If you want to pass things by reference, it's likely that you want to do

= drupal_alter('my_type', $data);


There is an exception to passing by reference. If the arguments for the hook are Objects, then they are passed by reference. This is default behaviour of php:

http://php.net/manual/en/language.oop5.references.php .

An example of this in action is with the feeds hook hook_feeds_after_parse()


The hook is called using module_invoke_all, but you can, for example, remove all the


and the feeds import won't do anything.