function text_summary

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7 text.module text_summary($text, $format = NULL, $size = NULL)
8 text.module text_summary($text, $format = NULL, $size = NULL)

Generate a trimmed, formatted version of a text field value.

If the end of the summary is not indicated using the <!--break--> delimiter then we generate the summary automatically, trying to end it at a sensible place such as the end of a paragraph, a line break, or the end of a sentence (in that order of preference).


$text: The content for which a summary will be generated.

$format: The format of the content. If the PHP filter is present and $text contains PHP code, we do not split it up to prevent parse errors. If the line break filter is present then we treat newlines embedded in $text as line breaks. If the htmlcorrector filter is present, it will be run on the generated summary (if different from the incoming $text).

$size: The desired character length of the summary. If omitted, the default value will be used. Ignored if the special delimiter is present in $text.

Return value

The generated summary.

4 calls to text_summary()
node_update_7006 in modules/node/node.install
Convert body and teaser from node properties to fields, and migrate status/comment/promote and sticky columns to the {node_revision} table.
TextSummaryTestCase::callTextSummary in modules/field/modules/text/text.test
Calls text_summary() and asserts that the expected teaser is returned.
text_field_formatter_view in modules/field/modules/text/text.module
Implements hook_field_formatter_view().
theme_aggregator_page_rss in modules/aggregator/
Prints the RSS page for a feed.


modules/field/modules/text/text.module, line 347
Defines simple text field types.


function text_summary($text, $format = NULL, $size = NULL) {

  if (!isset($size)) {
    // What used to be called 'teaser' is now called 'summary', but
    // the variable 'teaser_length' is preserved for backwards compatibility.
    $size = variable_get('teaser_length', 600);

  // Find where the delimiter is in the body
  $delimiter = strpos($text, '<!--break-->');

  // If the size is zero, and there is no delimiter, the entire body is the summary.
  if ($size == 0 && $delimiter === FALSE) {
    return $text;

  // If a valid delimiter has been specified, use it to chop off the summary.
  if ($delimiter !== FALSE) {
    return substr($text, 0, $delimiter);

  // We check for the presence of the PHP evaluator filter in the current
  // format. If the body contains PHP code, we do not split it up to prevent
  // parse errors.
  if (isset($format)) {
    $filters = filter_list_format($format);
    if (isset($filters['php_code']) && $filters['php_code']->status && strpos($text, '<?') !== FALSE) {
      return $text;

  // If we have a short body, the entire body is the summary.
  if (drupal_strlen($text) <= $size) {
    return $text;

  // If the delimiter has not been specified, try to split at paragraph or
  // sentence boundaries.

  // The summary may not be longer than maximum length specified. Initial slice.
  $summary = truncate_utf8($text, $size);

  // Store the actual length of the UTF8 string -- which might not be the same
  // as $size.
  $max_rpos = strlen($summary);

  // How much to cut off the end of the summary so that it doesn't end in the
  // middle of a paragraph, sentence, or word.
  // Initialize it to maximum in order to find the minimum.
  $min_rpos = $max_rpos;

  // Store the reverse of the summary. We use strpos on the reversed needle and
  // haystack for speed and convenience.
  $reversed = strrev($summary);

  // Build an array of arrays of break points grouped by preference.
  $break_points = array();

  // A paragraph near the end of sliced summary is most preferable.
  $break_points[] = array('</p>' => 0);

  // If no complete paragraph then treat line breaks as paragraphs.
  $line_breaks = array(
    '<br />' => 6,
    '<br>' => 4,
  // Newline only indicates a line break if line break converter
  // filter is present.
  if (isset($filters['filter_autop'])) {
    $line_breaks["\n"] = 1;
  $break_points[] = $line_breaks;

  // If the first paragraph is too long, split at the end of a sentence.
  $break_points[] = array(
    '. ' => 1,
    '! ' => 1,
    '? ' => 1,
    '。' => 0,
    '؟ ' => 1,

  // Iterate over the groups of break points until a break point is found.
  foreach ($break_points as $points) {
    // Look for each break point, starting at the end of the summary.
    foreach ($points as $point => $offset) {
      // The summary is already reversed, but the break point isn't.
      $rpos = strpos($reversed, strrev($point));
      if ($rpos !== FALSE) {
        $min_rpos = min($rpos + $offset, $min_rpos);

    // If a break point was found in this group, slice and stop searching.
    if ($min_rpos !== $max_rpos) {
      // Don't slice with length 0. Length must be <0 to slice from RHS.
      $summary = ($min_rpos === 0) ? $summary : substr($summary, 0, 0 - $min_rpos);

  // If the htmlcorrector filter is present, apply it to the generated summary.
  if (isset($filters['filter_htmlcorrector'])) {
    $summary = _filter_htmlcorrector($summary);

  return $summary;


Views API also provides an alternative function: views_trim_text that has additional options.