7.x file.inc file_save(stdClass $file)

Saves a file object to the database.

If the $file->fid is not set a new record will be added.


$file: A file object returned by file_load().

Return value

The updated file object.

See also



Related topics

13 calls to file_save()
EntityCrudHookTestCase::testFileHooks in modules/simpletest/tests/entity_crud_hook_test.test
Tests hook invocations for CRUD operations on files.
FileFieldTestCase::createTemporaryFile in modules/file/tests/file.test
Creates a temporary file, for a specific user.
FileSaveTest::testFileSave in modules/simpletest/tests/file.test
file_copy in includes/file.inc
Copies a file to a new location and adds a file record to the database.
file_field_presave in modules/file/file.field.inc
Implements hook_field_presave().

... See full list


includes/file.inc, line 599
API for handling file uploads and server file management.


function file_save(stdClass $file) {
  $file->timestamp = REQUEST_TIME;
  $file->filesize = filesize($file->uri);

  // Load the stored entity, if any.
  if (!empty($file->fid) && !isset($file->original)) {
    $file->original = entity_load_unchanged('file', $file->fid);

  module_invoke_all('file_presave', $file);
  module_invoke_all('entity_presave', $file, 'file');

  if (empty($file->fid)) {
    drupal_write_record('file_managed', $file);
    // Inform modules about the newly added file.
    module_invoke_all('file_insert', $file);
    module_invoke_all('entity_insert', $file, 'file');
  else {
    drupal_write_record('file_managed', $file, 'fid');
    // Inform modules that the file has been updated.
    module_invoke_all('file_update', $file);
    module_invoke_all('entity_update', $file, 'file');

  // Clear internal properties.
  // Clear the static loading cache.

  return $file;


Replaced to $file->save() in Drupal 8

file_save() appends a few file object attributes like timestamp, filesize, but if you are simply sucking in a file from disk (like from a cron job or drush file load) and not working with an html form upload file field, you'll want to be add your own mimetype, like:

  $file = file_save((object)array(
    'filename' => $file_name,
    'uri' => $destination_uri,
    'status' => FILE_STATUS_PERMANENT,
    'filemime' => file_get_mimetype($destination_uri),

file_get_mimetype() does the magic. Note: Get $file_name from basename($destination_uri); which works on either uri or full path.