6.x actions.inc actions_synchronize($actions_in_code = array(), $delete_orphans = FALSE)
7.x actions.inc actions_synchronize($delete_orphans = FALSE)

Synchronize actions that are provided by modules.

They are synchronized with actions that are stored in the actions table. This is necessary so that actions that do not require configuration can receive action IDs. This is not necessarily the best approach, but it is the most straightforward.

5 calls to actions_synchronize()
install_tasks in ./install.php
Tasks performed after the database is initialized.
system_actions_manage in modules/system/system.module
Menu callback. Display an overview of available and configured actions.
system_actions_remove_orphans in modules/system/system.module
Remove actions that are in the database but not supported by any enabled module.
system_modules_submit in modules/system/system.admin.inc
Submit callback; handles modules form submission.
trigger_install in modules/trigger/trigger.install
Implementation of hook_install().


includes/actions.inc, line 289
This is the actions engine for executing stored actions.


function actions_synchronize($actions_in_code = array(), $delete_orphans = FALSE) {
  if (!$actions_in_code) {
    $actions_in_code = actions_list(TRUE);
  $actions_in_db = array();
  $result = db_query("SELECT * FROM {actions} WHERE parameters = ''");
  while ($action = db_fetch_object($result)) {
    $actions_in_db[$action->callback] = array(
      'aid' => $action->aid,
      'description' => $action->description,

  // Go through all the actions provided by modules.
  foreach ($actions_in_code as $callback => $array) {

    // Ignore configurable actions since their instances get put in
    // when the user adds the action.
    if (!$array['configurable']) {

      // If we already have an action ID for this action, no need to assign aid.
      if (array_key_exists($callback, $actions_in_db)) {
      else {

        // This is a new singleton that we don't have an aid for; assign one.
        db_query("INSERT INTO {actions} (aid, type, callback, parameters, description) VALUES ('%s', '%s', '%s', '%s', '%s')", $callback, $array['type'], $callback, '', $array['description']);
        watchdog('actions', "Action '%action' added.", array(
          '%action' => $array['description'],

  // Any actions that we have left in $actions_in_db are orphaned.
  if ($actions_in_db) {
    $orphaned = array();
    $placeholder = array();
    foreach ($actions_in_db as $callback => $array) {
      $orphaned[] = $callback;
      $placeholder[] = "'%s'";
    $orphans = implode(', ', $orphaned);
    if ($delete_orphans) {
      $placeholders = implode(', ', $placeholder);
      $results = db_query("SELECT a.aid, a.description FROM {actions} a WHERE callback IN ({$placeholders})", $orphaned);
      while ($action = db_fetch_object($results)) {
        watchdog('actions', "Removed orphaned action '%action' from database.", array(
          '%action' => $action->description,
    else {
      $link = l(t('Remove orphaned actions'), 'admin/settings/actions/orphan');
      $count = count($actions_in_db);
      watchdog('actions', format_plural($count, 'One orphaned action (%orphans) exists in the actions table. !link', '@count orphaned actions (%orphans) exist in the actions table. !link'), array(
        '@count' => $count,
        '%orphans' => $orphans,
        '!link' => $link,
      ), WATCHDOG_INFO);