7 common.inc drupal_add_js($data = NULL, $options = NULL)
4.7 common.inc drupal_add_js($file, $nocache = FALSE)
5 common.inc drupal_add_js($data = NULL, $type = 'module', $scope = 'header', $defer = FALSE, $cache = TRUE)
6 common.inc drupal_add_js($data = NULL, $type = 'module', $scope = 'header', $defer = FALSE, $cache = TRUE, $preprocess = TRUE)

Adds a JavaScript file, setting, or inline code to the page.

The behavior of this function depends on the parameters it is called with. Generally, it handles the addition of JavaScript to the page, either as reference to an existing file or as inline code. The following actions can be performed using this function:

  • Add a file ('file'): Adds a reference to a JavaScript file to the page.
  • Add inline JavaScript code ('inline'): Executes a piece of JavaScript code on the current page by placing the code directly in the page (for example, to tell the user that a new message arrived, by opening a pop up, alert box, etc.). This should only be used for JavaScript that cannot be executed from a file. When adding inline code, make sure that you are not relying on $() being the jQuery function. Wrap your code in
(function ($) {... })(jQuery); 

or use jQuery() instead of $().

  • Add external JavaScript ('external'): Allows the inclusion of external JavaScript files that are not hosted on the local server. Note that these external JavaScript references do not get aggregated when preprocessing is on.
  • Add settings ('setting'): Adds settings to Drupal's global storage of JavaScript settings. Per-page settings are required by some modules to function properly. All settings will be accessible at Drupal.settings.


  drupal_add_js('misc/collapse.js', 'file');
  drupal_add_js('jQuery(document).ready(function () { alert("Hello!"); });', 'inline');
  drupal_add_js('jQuery(document).ready(function () { alert("Hello!"); });',
    array('type' => 'inline', 'scope' => 'footer', 'weight' => 5)
  drupal_add_js('http://example.com/example.js', 'external');
  drupal_add_js(array('myModule' => array('key' => 'value')), 'setting');

Calling drupal_static_reset('drupal_add_js') will clear all JavaScript added so far.

If JavaScript aggregation is enabled, all JavaScript files added with $options['preprocess'] set to TRUE will be merged into one aggregate file. Preprocessed inline JavaScript will not be aggregated into this single file. Externally hosted JavaScripts are never aggregated.

The reason for aggregating the files is outlined quite thoroughly here: http://www.die.net/musings/page_load_time/ "Load fewer external objects. Due to request overhead, one bigger file just loads faster than two smaller ones half its size."

$options['preprocess'] should be only set to TRUE when a file is required for all typical visitors and most pages of a site. It is critical that all preprocessed files are added unconditionally on every page, even if the files are not needed on a page. This is normally done by calling drupal_add_js() in a hook_init() implementation.

Non-preprocessed files should only be added to the page when they are actually needed.


$data: (optional) If given, the value depends on the $options parameter, or $options['type'] if $options is passed as an associative array:

  • 'file': Path to the file relative to base_path().
  • 'inline': The JavaScript code that should be placed in the given scope.
  • 'external': The absolute path to an external JavaScript file that is not hosted on the local server. These files will not be aggregated if JavaScript aggregation is enabled.
  • 'setting': An associative array with configuration options. The array is merged directly into Drupal.settings. All modules should wrap their actual configuration settings in another variable to prevent conflicts in the Drupal.settings namespace. Items added with a string key will replace existing settings with that key; items with numeric array keys will be added to the existing settings array.

$options: (optional) A string defining the type of JavaScript that is being added in the $data parameter ('file'/'setting'/'inline'/'external'), or an associative array. JavaScript settings should always pass the string 'setting' only. Other types can have the following elements in the array:

  • type: The type of JavaScript that is to be added to the page. Allowed values are 'file', 'inline', 'external' or 'setting'. Defaults to 'file'.
  • scope: The location in which you want to place the script. Possible values are 'header' or 'footer'. If your theme implements different regions, you can also use these. Defaults to 'header'.
  • group: A number identifying the group in which to add the JavaScript. Available constants are:

    The group number serves as a weight: JavaScript within a lower weight group is presented on the page before JavaScript within a higher weight group.

  • every_page: For optimal front-end performance when aggregation is enabled, this should be set to TRUE if the JavaScript is present on every page of the website for users for whom it is present at all. This defaults to FALSE. It is set to TRUE for JavaScript files that are added via module and theme .info files. Modules that add JavaScript within hook_init() implementations, or from other code that ensures that the JavaScript is added to all website pages, should also set this flag to TRUE. All JavaScript files within the same group and that have the 'every_page' flag set to TRUE and do not have 'preprocess' set to FALSE are aggregated together into a single aggregate file, and that aggregate file can be reused across a user's entire site visit, leading to faster navigation between pages. However, JavaScript that is only needed on pages less frequently visited, can be added by code that only runs for those particular pages, and that code should not set the 'every_page' flag. This minimizes the size of the aggregate file that the user needs to download when first visiting the website. JavaScript without the 'every_page' flag is aggregated into a separate aggregate file. This other aggregate file is likely to change from page to page, and each new aggregate file needs to be downloaded when first encountered, so it should be kept relatively small by ensuring that most commonly needed JavaScript is added to every page.
  • weight: A number defining the order in which the JavaScript is added to the page relative to other JavaScript with the same 'scope', 'group', and 'every_page' value. In some cases, the order in which the JavaScript is presented on the page is very important. jQuery, for example, must be added to the page before any jQuery code is run, so jquery.js uses the JS_LIBRARY group and a weight of -20, jquery.once.js (a library drupal.js depends on) uses the JS_LIBRARY group and a weight of -19, drupal.js uses the JS_LIBRARY group and a weight of -1, other libraries use the JS_LIBRARY group and a weight of 0 or higher, and all other scripts use one of the other group constants. The exact ordering of JavaScript is as follows:

    • First by scope, with 'header' first, 'footer' last, and any other scopes provided by a custom theme coming in between, as determined by the theme.
    • Then by group.
    • Then by the 'every_page' flag, with TRUE coming before FALSE.
    • Then by weight.
    • Then by the order in which the JavaScript was added. For example, all else being the same, JavaScript added by a call to drupal_add_js() that happened later in the page request gets added to the page after one for which drupal_add_js() happened earlier in the page request.
  • requires_jquery: Set this to FALSE if the JavaScript you are adding does not have a dependency on jQuery. Defaults to TRUE, except for JavaScript settings where it defaults to FALSE. This is used on sites that have the 'javascript_always_use_jquery' variable set to FALSE; on those sites, if all the JavaScript added to the page by drupal_add_js() does not have a dependency on jQuery, then for improved front-end performance Drupal will not add jQuery and related libraries and settings to the page.
  • defer: If set to TRUE, the defer attribute is set on the <script> tag. Defaults to FALSE.
  • cache: If set to FALSE, the JavaScript file is loaded anew on every page call; in other words, it is not cached. Used only when 'type' references a JavaScript file. Defaults to TRUE.
  • preprocess: If TRUE and JavaScript aggregation is enabled, the script file will be aggregated. Defaults to TRUE.

Return value

The current array of JavaScript files, settings, and in-line code, including Drupal defaults, anything previously added with calls to drupal_add_js(), and this function call's additions.

See also


51 calls to drupal_add_js()
ajax_forms_test_lazy_load_form_submit in modules/simpletest/tests/ajax_forms_test.module
Form submit handler: Adds JavaScript and CSS that wasn't on the original form.
ajax_render in includes/ajax.inc
Renders a commands array into JSON.
ajax_test_render in modules/simpletest/tests/ajax_test.module
Menu callback; Return an element suitable for use by ajax_deliver().
block-admin-display-form.tpl.php in modules/block/block-admin-display-form.tpl.php
Default theme implementation to configure blocks.
color.inc in themes/bartik/color/color.inc

... See full list

8 string references to 'drupal_add_js'
DrupalRenderTestCase::testDrupalRenderChildrenAttached in modules/simpletest/tests/common.test
Test #attached functionality in children elements.
JavaScriptTestCase::resetStaticVariables in modules/simpletest/tests/common.test
Resets static variables related to adding JavaScript to a page.
JavaScriptTestCase::setUp in modules/simpletest/tests/common.test
Sets up a Drupal site for running functional and integration tests.
JavaScriptTestCase::testAggregationOrder in modules/simpletest/tests/common.test
Tests JavaScript aggregation when files are added to a different scope.
JavaScriptTestCase::testReset in modules/simpletest/tests/common.test
Test to see if resetting the JavaScript empties the cache.

... See full list


includes/common.inc, line 4187
Common functions that many Drupal modules will need to reference.


function drupal_add_js($data = NULL, $options = NULL) {
  $javascript = &drupal_static(__FUNCTION__, array());
  $jquery_added = &drupal_static(__FUNCTION__ . ':jquery_added', FALSE);

  // If the $javascript variable has been reset with drupal_static_reset(),
  // jQuery and related files will have been removed from the list, so set the
  // variable back to FALSE to indicate they have not yet been added.
  if (empty($javascript)) {
    $jquery_added = FALSE;

  // Construct the options, taking the defaults into consideration.
  if (isset($options)) {
    if (!is_array($options)) {
      $options = array('type' => $options);
  else {
    $options = array();
  if (isset($options ['type']) && $options ['type'] == 'setting') {
    $options += array('requires_jquery' => FALSE);
  $options += drupal_js_defaults($data);

  // Preprocess can only be set if caching is enabled.
  $options ['preprocess'] = $options ['cache'] ? $options ['preprocess'] : FALSE;

  // Tweak the weight so that files of the same weight are included in the
  // order of the calls to drupal_add_js().
  $options ['weight'] += count($javascript) / 1000;

  if (isset($data)) {
    // Add jquery.js, drupal.js, and related files and settings if they have
    // not been added yet. However, if the 'javascript_always_use_jquery'
    // variable is set to FALSE (indicating that the site does not want jQuery
    // automatically added on all pages) then only add it if a file or setting
    // that requires jQuery is being added also.
    if (!$jquery_added && (variable_get('javascript_always_use_jquery', TRUE) || $options ['requires_jquery'])) {
      $jquery_added = TRUE;
      // url() generates the prefix using hook_url_outbound_alter(). Instead of
      // running the hook_url_outbound_alter() again here, extract the prefix
      // from url().
      url('', array('prefix' => &$prefix));
      $default_javascript = array(
        'settings' => array(
          'data' => array(
            array('basePath' => base_path()),
            array('pathPrefix' => empty($prefix) ? '' : $prefix),
          'type' => 'setting',
          'scope' => 'header',
          'group' => JS_LIBRARY,
          'every_page' => TRUE,
          'weight' => 0,
        'misc/drupal.js' => array(
          'data' => 'misc/drupal.js',
          'type' => 'file',
          'scope' => 'header',
          'group' => JS_LIBRARY,
          'every_page' => TRUE,
          'weight' => -1,
          'requires_jquery' => TRUE,
          'preprocess' => TRUE,
          'cache' => TRUE,
          'defer' => FALSE,
      $javascript = drupal_array_merge_deep($javascript, $default_javascript);
      // Register all required libraries.
      drupal_add_library('system', 'jquery', TRUE);
      drupal_add_library('system', 'jquery.once', TRUE);

    switch ($options ['type']) {
      case 'setting':
        // All JavaScript settings are placed in the header of the page with
        // the library weight so that inline scripts appear afterwards.
        $javascript ['settings']['data'][] = $data;

      case 'inline':
        $javascript [] = $options;

      default: // 'file' and 'external'
        // Local and external files must keep their name as the associative key
        // so the same JavaScript file is not added twice.
        $javascript [$options ['data']] = $options;
  return $javascript;


Having the ability to conditionally load js files depending on browser would help cross browser compatibility tremendously. add_js can be a little to stern to deal with and needs more flexibility.

The jQuery version bundled with D7 automatically runs a couple of tests to determine how capable the visiting browser is. The results are stored as properties of jQuery.support, which makes for easier branching in your scrpts based on available [or working] features.

I personally prefer a couple of branches (if put in the right places) rather than dealing with two or more files. It's easy to forget syncing multiple files and I think aggregation works better with just one.

Feature detection and browser based decision making on the client is also a lot more reliable than what Drupal's serverside code could do in drupal_add_js().

I needed to add an separate js file only for IE browsers to support canvas, I was hoping drupal_add_js would allow this.

Only solution I found is

$forie = array(
  '#type' => 'markup',
  '#markup' => '<!--[if IE]><script language="javascript" type="text/javascript" src="..."></script><![endif]-->',

drupal_add_html_head($forie, 'mymodule');

Quick example of use in your theme's template.php (I hunted around for a while trying to find such an example):

function MYTHEME_preprocess_page(&$variables) {
drupal_add_js(drupal_get_path('theme', 'MYTHEME') .'/mytheme.js', 'file');

If it's included on every page then it's better to include it in your theme's mytheme.info file as it gets added to the theme registry.

scripts[] = js/script.js
scripts[] = js/otherscript.js

Drupal 7 supports a weight attribute which is easy to use, like so:

$path = drupal_get_path('module', 'MODULE_NAME_HERE');
drupal_add_js($path . '/SCRIPT_NAME_HERE.js', array('weight' => 1));

Tip: DO NOT rely on firebug to check if the order of your scripts have changed, as firebug automatically groups and re-orders the scripts for display!

What you want to do is view the actual source-code instead...

I wasted a couple of hours on this.
Hope this helps someone else to avoid the same.

yap tnx i was doing it too :)

Yes, I actually added the js but only after giving the weight the Js was rendering the expected output

As a Drupal newbie I thought it was logical to call drupal_add_js (or drupal_add_library) to add jQuery in my module, just to point out that the other javascript files used in the module depend on this library. I figured surely it couldn't hurt and in worst case scenario the library is already in the queue. Turns out that doing so somehow reset or messed up the queue order and I got a lot of "jQuery not defined" errors in firebug as jQuery was no longer being included before jquery.once.js and drupal.js (and more).

I didn't realize the queue system worked like this, surely should it not ignore subsequent calls to libraries already in the queue? I suppose this scenario must be relevant for other libraries as well.

Just beware:)

What they call a "javascript file" is not really a javascript file. It's that weird jQuery format. So if your external file has <script type="javascript/text" >...</script>, then forget it because it will not work. You will need to wrap it in that jQuery syntax. I spent a good 2 hours banging my head on this.

type="text/javascript" is correct.

If the file has script tags wrapped around it, it's not a pure Javascript file. The script tags show up only to wrap JS that is being included inline in HTML. Any Javascript external file should not include them - not just ones that use the jQuery syntax.

See hook_js_alter() to alter js files added using drupal_add_js()

JohnAlbin also gave the useful comment in IRC about ordering the files:

When you use drupal_add_js() it defaults to "i'm a module adding a js" and module JS come before theme JS. So you'll need to set the group for the new JS file as well.

Solution : For this We can call the theme for call the javascipt like :

$form['pager'] = array('#theme' => 'copy_import_pagination');


I'm trying to code the behaviour of a new customized module, and for that, I need some extra jQuery functionalities.

I included the drupal_add_js function calling my new js file at the beginning of the hook_block_view of my module, and, it seems to be loaded at the browser when de page is loaded, you can see it in the code of the page, but it doesn't work.
Maybe is something in the load order files?
Or perhaps the js files loades in the module level doesn't have to work?

Thank you very much!

These are very cool improvements over v6. Thank you guys! :-)

My favorite feature is in external resources you can use protocol-relative URLs:

For example, if you need to include a javascript to load webfonts:

('//fast.fonts.com/jsapi/00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000.js', array(
'type' => 'external',
'scope' => 'header',
'group' => JS_THEME,
'every_page' => TRUE,
'weight' => -1,

I am guessing drupal_add_css also works the same way, and also in .info files too. I'll check that out later.

Any idea how I can add this ?

<script type='text/javascript' src='https://www.smartrecruiters.com/img/script/smartWidget/smart_widget.js'>
<script type='text/javascript' class='job_widget'>

I don't know how to specify "class='job_widget'"...

That was just me being silly. It looks wrong in the source code, but gets sent correctly to the server.

If an external javascript file need multiple GET-parameters, drupal_add_js() doesn't work. For example:

$path = 'http://example.com';
$options = array(
  'external' => TRUE,
  'query' => array(
    'foo' => '1',
    'bar' => '2',
$script_url = url($path, $options);
// The script_url is fine when it's given to drupal_add_js...
drupal_add_js($script_url, array('scope' => 'footer', 'type' => 'external'));
// ..but the version printed in the page source has encoded the ampersand,
// rendering the link useless.

This looks like a bug to me, is there an open bug report somewhere?
Is there any workaround for this?

In my case I copied the example from the "add_css" and modified it a little:

drupal_add_js(path_to_theme() . '/js/html5shiv.js', array('group' => JS_LIBRARY, 'weight' => 115, 'browsers' => array('IE' => 'lte IE 8', '!IE' => FALSE), 'preprocess' => FALSE));

It seems to work fine. Please give me some feedback on this cause I am just a themer and no programmer ;-)

It doesn't work because unlike drupal_add_css, drupal_add_js still doesn't have a 'browsers' option. A patch to remedy this appears to have been committed to D8 but a D7 re-roll has yet to appear.

See here for more details.

In the meantime, you may get away with using drupal_add_html_head like so:

$selectivizr = array(
  '#tag' => 'script',
  '#attributes' => array( // Set up an array of attributes inside the tag
    'src' => drupal_get_path('theme', 'bb_sub_theme') . '/js/lib/selectivizr-min.js',
  '#prefix' => '<!--[if (gte IE 6)&(lte IE 8)]>',
  '#suffix' => '</script><![endif]-->',

drupal_add_html_head($selectivizr, 'selectivizr');

So you've successfully loaded your JS file and it won't work? Make sure your code is wrapped in anonymous function that casts jQuery as $:

jQuery(document).ready(function ($) {

Make sure to read Working with JavaScript and jQuery

Sample code on how to add conditional scripts in html head section.
Scripts will apply to IE browsers except IE9.
Place the following code inside template.php inside hook_preprocess_html().

// IE  Conditional scripts
$ie_scripts = array(
path_to_theme() . '/js/script1.js',
path_to_theme() . '/js/script2.js',
path_to_theme() . '/js/script3.js',
  foreach (
$ie_scripts as $key => $value) {
$ie_script =  array(
'#browsers' => array('IE' => 'lt IE 9', '!IE' => FALSE),
'#tag' => 'script',
'#attributes' => array(
'type' => "text/javascript",
'src' => $value,
'#pre_render' => array('drupal_pre_render_conditional_comments'),
'#weight' =>  999 + $key,
drupal_add_html_head($ie_script, "mytheme$key");

This did not work for me. I am pretty new thou. can you give the example inside the hook_preprocess_html(). perhaps I am missing something? Thanks

Replace "hook" with your theme's name (i.e. the name of your theme's folder). Then, replace "mytheme" at the end (mytheme$key) with your theme's name as well. So, if your theme's name was "foo", the code would look like the following:

(&$variables) {
// IE  Conditional scripts
$ie_scripts = array(
path_to_theme() . '/js/script1.js',
path_to_theme() . '/js/script2.js',
path_to_theme() . '/js/script3.js',
  foreach (
$ie_scripts as $key => $value) {
$ie_script =  array(
'#browsers' => array('IE' => 'lt IE 9', '!IE' => FALSE),
'#tag' => 'script',
'#attributes' => array(
'type' => "text/javascript",
'src' => $value,
'#pre_render' => array('drupal_pre_render_conditional_comments'),
'#weight' =>  999 + $key,
drupal_add_html_head($ie_script, "foo$key");

for me following code worked, place this in THEME_NAME_preprocess_html

drupal_add_js(drupal_get_path('theme', THEME_NAME) . '/js/placeholder_ie.js', array('group' => JS_THEME, 'browsers' => array('IE' => 'lte IE 10', '!IE' => FALSE), 'preprocess' => FALSE));

this will add js to ie 9 and below.

Is there a way to create new attribute types. For example the new async attribute of HTML5.
<script src="async_file.js" async='async'></script>

Actually, there is already an issue for this. Add async, onload property to script tags

The above example for loading external libraries is great if you don't have any options for them:

<?php drupal_add_js('http://example.com/example.js', 'external'); ?>

But if you do, you'll want to add it to the options array with a flag of 'type'.

For example, to change the weight of an external library:

('http://example.com/example.js', array(
'weight' => '-1000',
'type' => 'external',

This can be figured out from the code but hopefully this will help make it a bit easier for some folks.

I am still having alot of troubles getting a simple code to work.
It is working when I am logged on but not when logged off.

Maybe I am just missing something. I have read through so many examples and I am not much into the codes and everything.

But I have this code in template.php

function verhuur_preprocess_html(&$variables) {
  $theme_path = path_to_theme();
  $url = request_uri();
  if ($url == '/gamma/') {
    drupal_add_js($theme_path . '/js/test.js');

And then this code in the test.js

(function ($){
    jQuery(document).ready(function ($) {
        $('#block-block-1').click(function () {
                    left: '200px'
                }, 1000);

Please help, trying for days now just to get a script going on drupal 7

I wanted to attach a JS setting to a block and couldn't figure out how to do this. Finally I found out that I had to use the data key in the array. The explanation is as follows:

In some cases, the first parameter ($data) is an array. Arrays can't be passed as keys in PHP, so we have to get $data from the value array.

['content'] = array(
'#attached' => array(
'js' => array(
'data' => array(
'myModule' => array('mySettings' => 123),
'type' => 'setting',

Source: http://deeson-online.co.uk/labs/how-use-formattached-javascript-setting-....

If you need a reg-exp to do the work for you, here it is:

s/drupal_add_js(\(.*\), array(\(.*\)));/$element['#attached']['js'][] = array('data' => \1, \2)/

Will automatically attach things to $element instead.

How can this be called when writing a new page via 'add content'?

I'm trying to display some html5 canvas code, but when I to make an unfiltered post to my page:

window.requestAnimFrame = (function(callback)

... [rest of script which works well in an html page] ...

', 'inline');
I just get a page containing:


This function has been removed in Drupa 8. Adding js to the page should now be done using the #attached property of a renderable array. @see Change Record https://drupal.org/node/2169605

please help me to convert this html script to drupal basic page. so i can view as a page in drupal

<!DOCTYPE html>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
<!--[if lt IE 9]>
<script type="text/javascript" src="imageGenerator/html5.js"></script>
<script src="imageGenerator/config.js"></script>
<script src="imageGenerator/imageGeneratorLoader.js"></script>
$('#ig-container').imageGenerator({width:750, height:500});

<div id="ig-container"></div>

Maybe someone knows how to add HTML5 attributes(data-) when using drupal_add_js()?
I want to have output like

<script src="..." data-module-id="85165" async=""></script>

Just came across this issue against Drupal core with a patch (that hasn't bee incorporated yet, unfortunately): https://www.drupal.org/node/1664602

Oddly enough, https://www.drupal.org/node/2169605 states that drupal_add_js, and drupal_add_css are both dropped in favor of #attach. it is in fact the case that no js can be attached.