function drupal_attributes

Converts an associative array to an XML/HTML tag attribute string.

Each array key and its value will be formatted into an attribute string. If a value is itself an array, then its elements are concatenated to a single space-delimited string (for example, a class attribute with multiple values).

Attribute values are sanitized by running them through check_plain(). Attribute names are not automatically sanitized. When using user-supplied attribute names, it is strongly recommended to allow only white-listed names, since certain attributes carry security risks and can be abused.

Examples of security aspects when using drupal_attributes:

  // By running the value in the following statement through check_plain,
  // the malicious script is neutralized.
  drupal_attributes(array('title' => t('<script>steal_cookie();</script>')));

  // The statement below demonstrates dangerous use of drupal_attributes, and
  // will return an onmouseout attribute with JavaScript code that, when used
  // as attribute in a tag, will cause users to be redirected to another site.
  // In this case, the 'onmouseout' attribute should not be whitelisted --
  // you don't want users to have the ability to add this attribute or others
  // that take JavaScript commands.
  drupal_attributes(array('onmouseout' => 'window.location="";')));


$attributes: An associative array of key-value pairs to be converted to attributes.

Return value

A string ready for insertion in a tag (starts with a space).

Related topics

41 calls to drupal_attributes()
DrupalAttributesUnitTest::testDrupalAttributes in modules/simpletest/tests/common.test
Tests that drupal_html_class() cleans the class name properly.
format_xml_elements in includes/
Formats XML elements.
l in includes/
Formats an internal or external URL link as an HTML anchor tag.
node_feed in modules/node/node.module
Generates and prints an RSS feed.
template_preprocess_user_profile_category in modules/user/
Process variables for user-profile-category.tpl.php.

... See full list


includes/, line 2514


function drupal_attributes(array $attributes = array()) {
    foreach ($attributes as $attribute => &$data) {
        $data = implode(' ', (array) $data);
        $data = $attribute . '="' . check_plain($data) . '"';
    return $attributes ? ' ' . implode(' ', $attributes) : '';

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