7 theme.inc theme_html_tag($variables)

Returns HTML for a generic HTML tag with attributes.


$variables: An associative array containing:

  • element: An associative array describing the tag:

    • #tag: The tag name to output. Typical tags added to the HTML HEAD:

      • meta: To provide meta information, such as a page refresh.
      • link: To refer to stylesheets and other contextual information.
      • script: To load JavaScript.
    • #attributes: (optional) An array of HTML attributes to apply to the tag.
    • #value: (optional) A string containing tag content, such as inline CSS.
    • #value_prefix: (optional) A string to prepend to #value, e.g. a CDATA wrapper prefix.
    • #value_suffix: (optional) A string to append to #value, e.g. a CDATA wrapper suffix.

Related topics

2 theme calls to theme_html_tag()
drupal_get_js in includes/common.inc
Returns a themed presentation of all JavaScript code for the current page.
system_element_info in modules/system/system.module
Implements hook_element_info().


includes/theme.inc, line 2275
The theme system, which controls the output of Drupal.


function theme_html_tag($variables) {
  $element = $variables['element'];
  $attributes = isset($element['#attributes']) ? drupal_attributes($element['#attributes']) : '';
  if (!isset($element['#value'])) {
    return '<' . $element['#tag'] . $attributes . " />\n";
  else {
    $output = '<' . $element['#tag'] . $attributes . '>';
    if (isset($element['#value_prefix'])) {
      $output .= $element['#value_prefix'];
    $output .= $element['#value'];
    if (isset($element['#value_suffix'])) {
      $output .= $element['#value_suffix'];
    $output .= '</' . $element['#tag'] . ">\n";
    return $output;


('html_tag', array(
'element' => array(
'#tag' => 'h2',
'#attributes' => array(
'class' => 'activities-sidbar',
'#value' => 'Activity History',

It seems that this won't support rendering children without extra help.
I'd expected :

= array(
'#type' => 'html_tag',
'#tag' => 'div',
'#attributes' => array('class' => 'outer'),
'0' => array(
'#type' => 'html_tag',
'#tag' => 'span',
'#attributes' => array('class' => 'inner'),
'#value' => 'Content',

to produce

<div class="outer">
  <span class="inner">

but it fails.

Looks like you will have to call render() or drupal_render_children() on the child items yourself, and set the #value of your html_tag before allowing the normal render process to use it.

Could be that this desired behavior could happen with an alter of hook_preprocess_html_tag() as well... Though I think it's not asking too much for this low-level utility to behave as if it knows how to render HTML child elements.

Slightly old thread, but I wanted this functionality so wrote the necessary preprocess function. Might be of use to someone.

function THEMENAME_preprocess_html_tag(&$variables) {
// Loop over element children, render them, and add them to the #value string.
foreach (element_children($variables['element']) as $key) {
    if (
$variables['element']['#value'] === NULL) {
// Set this to string to avoid E_NOTICE error when concatenating to NULL.
$variables['element']['#value'] = '';
// Concatenate the rendered child onto the element #value.
$variables['element']['#value'] .= drupal_render($variables['element'][$key]);

It would be easier to set the container type.

= array(
'#type' => 'container',
'#attributes' => array(
'class' => array('my-class'),
'span-0' => array(
'#theme' => 'html_tag',
'#tag' => 'span',
'#value' => 'Stuff',
'#attributes' => array(
'class' => array('my-span-class'),

But then it will be div, not a custom tag name. I want to have it be ..

If you use this function to create a script tag with an src attribute, note that it will be self-closing (and hence won't work) unless you provide a #value attribute and set it to empty string.

  $script_tag = array(
    '#tag' => 'script',
    '#attributes' => array(
      'type' => 'text/javascript',
      'src' => url('/path/to/js.js', array('absolute' => TRUE)),
    // We need to add an empty string for #value so the script tag will be
    // properly closed with </script>.
    '#value' => '',
    '#theme' => 'html_tag',
  print render($script_tag);