1. 8.5.x core/modules/image/image.field.inc
  2. 8.0.x core/modules/image/image.field.inc
  3. 8.1.x core/modules/image/image.field.inc
  4. 8.2.x core/modules/image/image.field.inc
  5. 8.3.x core/modules/image/image.field.inc
  6. 8.4.x core/modules/image/image.field.inc
  7. 8.6.x core/modules/image/image.field.inc
  8. 7.x modules/image/image.field.inc

Implement an image field, based on the file module's file field.

File

modules/image/image.field.inc
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<?php

/**
 * @file
 * Implement an image field, based on the file module's file field.
 */

/**
 * Implements hook_field_info().
 */
function image_field_info() {
  return array(
    'image' => array(
      'label' => t('Image'),
      'description' => t('This field stores the ID of an image file as an integer value.'),
      'settings' => array(
        'uri_scheme' => variable_get('file_default_scheme', 'public'),
        'default_image' => 0,
      ),
      'instance_settings' => array(
        'file_extensions' => 'png gif jpg jpeg',
        'file_directory' => '',
        'max_filesize' => '',
        'alt_field' => 0,
        'title_field' => 0,
        'max_resolution' => '',
        'min_resolution' => '',
        'default_image' => 0,
      ),
      'default_widget' => 'image_image',
      'default_formatter' => 'image',
    ),
  );
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_settings_form().
 */
function image_field_settings_form($field, $instance) {
  $defaults = field_info_field_settings($field['type']);
  $settings = array_merge($defaults, $field['settings']);
  $scheme_options = array();
  foreach (file_get_stream_wrappers(STREAM_WRAPPERS_WRITE_VISIBLE) as $scheme => $stream_wrapper) {
    $scheme_options[$scheme] = $stream_wrapper['name'];
  }
  $form['uri_scheme'] = array(
    '#type' => 'radios',
    '#title' => t('Upload destination'),
    '#options' => $scheme_options,
    '#default_value' => $settings['uri_scheme'],
    '#description' => t('Select where the final files should be stored. Private file storage has significantly more overhead than public files, but allows restricted access to files within this field.'),
  );

  // When the user sets the scheme on the UI, even for the first time, it's
  // updating a field because fields are created on the "Manage fields"
  // page. So image_field_update_field() can handle this change.
  $form['default_image'] = array(
    '#title' => t('Default image'),
    '#type' => 'managed_file',
    '#description' => t('If no image is uploaded, this image will be shown on display.'),
    '#default_value' => $field['settings']['default_image'],
    '#upload_location' => $settings['uri_scheme'] . '://default_images/',
  );
  return $form;
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_instance_settings_form().
 */
function image_field_instance_settings_form($field, $instance) {
  $settings = $instance['settings'];

  // Use the file field instance settings form as a basis.
  $form = file_field_instance_settings_form($field, $instance);

  // Add maximum and minimum resolution settings.
  $max_resolution = explode('x', $settings['max_resolution']) + array(
    '',
    '',
  );
  $form['max_resolution'] = array(
    '#type' => 'item',
    '#title' => t('Maximum image resolution'),
    '#element_validate' => array(
      '_image_field_resolution_validate',
    ),
    '#weight' => 4.1,
    '#field_prefix' => '<div class="container-inline">',
    '#field_suffix' => '</div>',
    '#description' => t('The maximum allowed image size expressed as WIDTHxHEIGHT (e.g. 640x480). Leave blank for no restriction. If a larger image is uploaded, it will be resized to reflect the given width and height. Resizing images on upload will cause the loss of <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exchangeable_image_file_format">EXIF data</a> in the image.'),
  );
  $form['max_resolution']['x'] = array(
    '#type' => 'textfield',
    '#title' => t('Maximum width'),
    '#title_display' => 'invisible',
    '#default_value' => $max_resolution[0],
    '#size' => 5,
    '#maxlength' => 5,
    '#field_suffix' => ' x ',
  );
  $form['max_resolution']['y'] = array(
    '#type' => 'textfield',
    '#title' => t('Maximum height'),
    '#title_display' => 'invisible',
    '#default_value' => $max_resolution[1],
    '#size' => 5,
    '#maxlength' => 5,
    '#field_suffix' => ' ' . t('pixels'),
  );
  $min_resolution = explode('x', $settings['min_resolution']) + array(
    '',
    '',
  );
  $form['min_resolution'] = array(
    '#type' => 'item',
    '#title' => t('Minimum image resolution'),
    '#element_validate' => array(
      '_image_field_resolution_validate',
    ),
    '#weight' => 4.2,
    '#field_prefix' => '<div class="container-inline">',
    '#field_suffix' => '</div>',
    '#description' => t('The minimum allowed image size expressed as WIDTHxHEIGHT (e.g. 640x480). Leave blank for no restriction. If a smaller image is uploaded, it will be rejected.'),
  );
  $form['min_resolution']['x'] = array(
    '#type' => 'textfield',
    '#title' => t('Minimum width'),
    '#title_display' => 'invisible',
    '#default_value' => $min_resolution[0],
    '#size' => 5,
    '#maxlength' => 5,
    '#field_suffix' => ' x ',
  );
  $form['min_resolution']['y'] = array(
    '#type' => 'textfield',
    '#title' => t('Minimum height'),
    '#title_display' => 'invisible',
    '#default_value' => $min_resolution[1],
    '#size' => 5,
    '#maxlength' => 5,
    '#field_suffix' => ' ' . t('pixels'),
  );

  // Remove the description option.
  unset($form['description_field']);

  // Add title and alt configuration options.
  $form['alt_field'] = array(
    '#type' => 'checkbox',
    '#title' => t('Enable <em>Alt</em> field'),
    '#default_value' => $settings['alt_field'],
    '#description' => t('The alt attribute may be used by search engines, screen readers, and when the image cannot be loaded.'),
    '#weight' => 10,
  );
  $form['title_field'] = array(
    '#type' => 'checkbox',
    '#title' => t('Enable <em>Title</em> field'),
    '#default_value' => $settings['title_field'],
    '#description' => t('The title attribute is used as a tooltip when the mouse hovers over the image.'),
    '#weight' => 11,
  );

  // Add the default image to the instance.
  $form['default_image'] = array(
    '#title' => t('Default image'),
    '#type' => 'managed_file',
    '#description' => t("If no image is uploaded, this image will be shown on display and will override the field's default image."),
    '#default_value' => $settings['default_image'],
    '#upload_location' => $field['settings']['uri_scheme'] . '://default_images/',
  );
  return $form;
}

/**
 * Element validate function for resolution fields.
 */
function _image_field_resolution_validate($element, &$form_state) {
  if (!empty($element['x']['#value']) || !empty($element['y']['#value'])) {
    foreach (array(
      'x',
      'y',
    ) as $dimension) {
      $value = $element[$dimension]['#value'];
      if (!is_numeric($value)) {
        form_error($element[$dimension], t('Height and width values must be numeric.'));
        return;
      }
      if (intval($value) == 0) {
        form_error($element[$dimension], t('Both a height and width value must be specified in the !name field.', array(
          '!name' => $element['#title'],
        )));
        return;
      }
    }
    form_set_value($element, intval($element['x']['#value']) . 'x' . intval($element['y']['#value']), $form_state);
  }
  else {
    form_set_value($element, '', $form_state);
  }
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_load().
 */
function image_field_load($entity_type, $entities, $field, $instances, $langcode, &$items, $age) {
  file_field_load($entity_type, $entities, $field, $instances, $langcode, $items, $age);
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_prepare_view().
 */
function image_field_prepare_view($entity_type, $entities, $field, $instances, $langcode, &$items) {

  // If there are no files specified at all, use the default.
  foreach ($entities as $id => $entity) {
    if (empty($items[$id])) {
      $fid = 0;

      // Use the default for the instance if one is available.
      if (!empty($instances[$id]['settings']['default_image'])) {
        $fid = $instances[$id]['settings']['default_image'];
      }
      elseif (!empty($field['settings']['default_image'])) {
        $fid = $field['settings']['default_image'];
      }

      // Add the default image if one is found.
      if ($fid && ($file = file_load($fid))) {
        $items[$id][0] = (array) $file + array(
          'is_default' => TRUE,
          'alt' => '',
          'title' => '',
        );
      }
    }
  }
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_presave().
 */
function image_field_presave($entity_type, $entity, $field, $instance, $langcode, &$items) {
  file_field_presave($entity_type, $entity, $field, $instance, $langcode, $items);

  // Determine the dimensions if necessary.
  foreach ($items as &$item) {
    if (!isset($item['width']) || !isset($item['height'])) {
      $info = image_get_info(file_load($item['fid'])->uri);
      if (is_array($info)) {
        $item['width'] = $info['width'];
        $item['height'] = $info['height'];
      }
    }
  }
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_insert().
 */
function image_field_insert($entity_type, $entity, $field, $instance, $langcode, &$items) {
  file_field_insert($entity_type, $entity, $field, $instance, $langcode, $items);
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_update().
 */
function image_field_update($entity_type, $entity, $field, $instance, $langcode, &$items) {
  file_field_update($entity_type, $entity, $field, $instance, $langcode, $items);
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_delete().
 */
function image_field_delete($entity_type, $entity, $field, $instance, $langcode, &$items) {
  file_field_delete($entity_type, $entity, $field, $instance, $langcode, $items);
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_delete_revision().
 */
function image_field_delete_revision($entity_type, $entity, $field, $instance, $langcode, &$items) {
  file_field_delete_revision($entity_type, $entity, $field, $instance, $langcode, $items);
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_is_empty().
 */
function image_field_is_empty($item, $field) {
  return file_field_is_empty($item, $field);
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_widget_info().
 */
function image_field_widget_info() {
  return array(
    'image_image' => array(
      'label' => t('Image'),
      'field types' => array(
        'image',
      ),
      'settings' => array(
        'progress_indicator' => 'throbber',
        'preview_image_style' => 'thumbnail',
      ),
      'behaviors' => array(
        'multiple values' => FIELD_BEHAVIOR_CUSTOM,
        'default value' => FIELD_BEHAVIOR_NONE,
      ),
    ),
  );
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_widget_settings_form().
 */
function image_field_widget_settings_form($field, $instance) {
  $widget = $instance['widget'];
  $settings = $widget['settings'];

  // Use the file widget settings form.
  $form = file_field_widget_settings_form($field, $instance);
  $form['preview_image_style'] = array(
    '#title' => t('Preview image style'),
    '#type' => 'select',
    '#options' => image_style_options(FALSE, PASS_THROUGH),
    '#empty_option' => '<' . t('no preview') . '>',
    '#default_value' => $settings['preview_image_style'],
    '#description' => t('The preview image will be shown while editing the content.'),
    '#weight' => 15,
  );
  return $form;
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_widget_form().
 */
function image_field_widget_form(&$form, &$form_state, $field, $instance, $langcode, $items, $delta, $element) {

  // Add display_field setting to field because file_field_widget_form() assumes it is set.
  $field['settings']['display_field'] = 0;
  $elements = file_field_widget_form($form, $form_state, $field, $instance, $langcode, $items, $delta, $element);
  $settings = $instance['settings'];
  foreach (element_children($elements) as $delta) {

    // Add upload resolution validation.
    if ($settings['max_resolution'] || $settings['min_resolution']) {
      $elements[$delta]['#upload_validators']['file_validate_image_resolution'] = array(
        $settings['max_resolution'],
        $settings['min_resolution'],
      );
    }

    // If not using custom extension validation, ensure this is an image.
    $supported_extensions = array(
      'png',
      'gif',
      'jpg',
      'jpeg',
    );
    $extensions = isset($elements[$delta]['#upload_validators']['file_validate_extensions'][0]) ? $elements[$delta]['#upload_validators']['file_validate_extensions'][0] : implode(' ', $supported_extensions);
    $extensions = array_intersect(explode(' ', $extensions), $supported_extensions);
    $elements[$delta]['#upload_validators']['file_validate_extensions'][0] = implode(' ', $extensions);

    // Add all extra functionality provided by the image widget.
    $elements[$delta]['#process'][] = 'image_field_widget_process';
  }
  if ($field['cardinality'] == 1) {

    // If there's only one field, return it as delta 0.
    if (empty($elements[0]['#default_value']['fid'])) {
      $elements[0]['#description'] = theme('file_upload_help', array(
        'description' => field_filter_xss($instance['description']),
        'upload_validators' => $elements[0]['#upload_validators'],
      ));
    }
  }
  else {
    $elements['#file_upload_description'] = theme('file_upload_help', array(
      'upload_validators' => $elements[0]['#upload_validators'],
    ));
  }
  return $elements;
}

/**
 * An element #process callback for the image_image field type.
 *
 * Expands the image_image type to include the alt and title fields.
 */
function image_field_widget_process($element, &$form_state, $form) {
  $item = $element['#value'];
  $item['fid'] = $element['fid']['#value'];
  $instance = field_widget_instance($element, $form_state);
  $settings = $instance['settings'];
  $widget_settings = $instance['widget']['settings'];
  $element['#theme'] = 'image_widget';
  $element['#attached']['css'][] = drupal_get_path('module', 'image') . '/image.css';

  // Add the image preview.
  if ($element['#file'] && $widget_settings['preview_image_style']) {
    $variables = array(
      'style_name' => $widget_settings['preview_image_style'],
      'path' => $element['#file']->uri,
    );

    // Determine image dimensions.
    if (isset($element['#value']['width']) && isset($element['#value']['height'])) {
      $variables['width'] = $element['#value']['width'];
      $variables['height'] = $element['#value']['height'];
    }
    else {
      $info = image_get_info($element['#file']->uri);
      if (is_array($info)) {
        $variables['width'] = $info['width'];
        $variables['height'] = $info['height'];
      }
      else {
        $variables['width'] = $variables['height'] = NULL;
      }
    }
    $element['preview'] = array(
      '#type' => 'markup',
      '#markup' => theme('image_style', $variables),
    );

    // Store the dimensions in the form so the file doesn't have to be accessed
    // again. This is important for remote files.
    $element['width'] = array(
      '#type' => 'hidden',
      '#value' => $variables['width'],
    );
    $element['height'] = array(
      '#type' => 'hidden',
      '#value' => $variables['height'],
    );
  }

  // Add the additional alt and title fields.
  $element['alt'] = array(
    '#title' => t('Alternate text'),
    '#type' => 'textfield',
    '#default_value' => isset($item['alt']) ? $item['alt'] : '',
    '#description' => t('This text will be used by screen readers, search engines, or when the image cannot be loaded.'),
    // @see http://www.gawds.org/show.php?contentid=28
    '#maxlength' => 512,
    '#weight' => -2,
    '#access' => (bool) $item['fid'] && $settings['alt_field'],
  );
  $element['title'] = array(
    '#type' => 'textfield',
    '#title' => t('Title'),
    '#default_value' => isset($item['title']) ? $item['title'] : '',
    '#description' => t('The title is used as a tool tip when the user hovers the mouse over the image.'),
    '#maxlength' => 1024,
    '#weight' => -1,
    '#access' => (bool) $item['fid'] && $settings['title_field'],
  );
  return $element;
}

/**
 * Returns HTML for an image field widget.
 *
 * @param $variables
 *   An associative array containing:
 *   - element: A render element representing the image field widget.
 *
 * @ingroup themeable
 */
function theme_image_widget($variables) {
  $element = $variables['element'];
  $output = '';
  $output .= '<div class="image-widget form-managed-file clearfix">';
  if (isset($element['preview'])) {
    $output .= '<div class="image-preview">';
    $output .= drupal_render($element['preview']);
    $output .= '</div>';
  }
  $output .= '<div class="image-widget-data">';
  if ($element['fid']['#value'] != 0) {
    $element['filename']['#markup'] .= ' <span class="file-size">(' . format_size($element['#file']->filesize) . ')</span> ';
  }
  $output .= drupal_render_children($element);
  $output .= '</div>';
  $output .= '</div>';
  return $output;
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_formatter_info().
 */
function image_field_formatter_info() {
  $formatters = array(
    'image' => array(
      'label' => t('Image'),
      'field types' => array(
        'image',
      ),
      'settings' => array(
        'image_style' => '',
        'image_link' => '',
      ),
    ),
  );
  return $formatters;
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_formatter_settings_form().
 */
function image_field_formatter_settings_form($field, $instance, $view_mode, $form, &$form_state) {
  $display = $instance['display'][$view_mode];
  $settings = $display['settings'];
  $image_styles = image_style_options(FALSE, PASS_THROUGH);
  $element['image_style'] = array(
    '#title' => t('Image style'),
    '#type' => 'select',
    '#default_value' => $settings['image_style'],
    '#empty_option' => t('None (original image)'),
    '#options' => $image_styles,
  );
  $link_types = array(
    'content' => t('Content'),
    'file' => t('File'),
  );
  $element['image_link'] = array(
    '#title' => t('Link image to'),
    '#type' => 'select',
    '#default_value' => $settings['image_link'],
    '#empty_option' => t('Nothing'),
    '#options' => $link_types,
  );
  return $element;
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_formatter_settings_summary().
 */
function image_field_formatter_settings_summary($field, $instance, $view_mode) {
  $display = $instance['display'][$view_mode];
  $settings = $display['settings'];
  $summary = array();
  $image_styles = image_style_options(FALSE, PASS_THROUGH);

  // Unset possible 'No defined styles' option.
  unset($image_styles['']);

  // Styles could be lost because of enabled/disabled modules that defines
  // their styles in code.
  if (isset($image_styles[$settings['image_style']])) {
    $summary[] = t('Image style: @style', array(
      '@style' => $image_styles[$settings['image_style']],
    ));
  }
  else {
    $summary[] = t('Original image');
  }
  $link_types = array(
    'content' => t('Linked to content'),
    'file' => t('Linked to file'),
  );

  // Display this setting only if image is linked.
  if (isset($link_types[$settings['image_link']])) {
    $summary[] = $link_types[$settings['image_link']];
  }
  return implode('<br />', $summary);
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_formatter_view().
 */
function image_field_formatter_view($entity_type, $entity, $field, $instance, $langcode, $items, $display) {
  $element = array();

  // Check if the formatter involves a link.
  if ($display['settings']['image_link'] == 'content') {
    $uri = entity_uri($entity_type, $entity);
  }
  elseif ($display['settings']['image_link'] == 'file') {
    $link_file = TRUE;
  }
  foreach ($items as $delta => $item) {
    if (isset($link_file)) {
      $uri = array(
        'path' => file_create_url($item['uri']),
        'options' => array(),
      );
    }
    $element[$delta] = array(
      '#theme' => 'image_formatter',
      '#item' => $item,
      '#image_style' => $display['settings']['image_style'],
      '#path' => isset($uri) ? $uri : '',
    );
  }
  return $element;
}

/**
 * Returns HTML for an image field formatter.
 *
 * @param $variables
 *   An associative array containing:
 *   - item: Associative array of image data, which may include "uri", "alt",
 *     "width", "height", "title" and "attributes".
 *   - image_style: An optional image style.
 *   - path: An array containing the link 'path' and link 'options'.
 *
 * @ingroup themeable
 */
function theme_image_formatter($variables) {
  $item = $variables['item'];
  $image = array(
    'path' => $item['uri'],
  );
  if (array_key_exists('alt', $item)) {
    $image['alt'] = $item['alt'];
  }
  if (isset($item['attributes'])) {
    $image['attributes'] = $item['attributes'];
  }
  if (isset($item['width']) && isset($item['height'])) {
    $image['width'] = $item['width'];
    $image['height'] = $item['height'];
  }

  // Do not output an empty 'title' attribute.
  if (isset($item['title']) && drupal_strlen($item['title']) > 0) {
    $image['title'] = $item['title'];
  }
  if ($variables['image_style']) {
    $image['style_name'] = $variables['image_style'];
    $output = theme('image_style', $image);
  }
  else {
    $output = theme('image', $image);
  }

  // The link path and link options are both optional, but for the options to be
  // processed, the link path must at least be an empty string.
  if (isset($variables['path']['path'])) {
    $path = $variables['path']['path'];
    $options = isset($variables['path']['options']) ? $variables['path']['options'] : array();

    // When displaying an image inside a link, the html option must be TRUE.
    $options['html'] = TRUE;
    $output = l($output, $path, $options);
  }
  return $output;
}

Functions

Comments

wildpeaks’s picture

If you are looking for the public url of an uploaded file (e.g. if you define an Image field for a Taxonomy Term), you can use file_create_url to transform the URI of the image:

$url = file_create_url( $image["uri"] );