4.6.x user.module user_access($string, $account = NULL)
4.7.x user.module user_access($string, $account = NULL)
5.x user.module user_access($string, $account = NULL)
6.x user.module user_access($string, $account = NULL, $reset = FALSE)
7.x user.module user_access($string, $account = NULL)

Determine whether the user has a given privilege.


$string: The permission, such as "administer nodes", being checked for.

$account: (optional) The account to check, if not given use currently logged in user.

$reset: (optional) Resets the user's permissions cache, which will result in a recalculation of the user's permissions. This is necessary to support dynamically added user roles.

Return value

Boolean TRUE if the current user has the requested permission.

All permission checks in Drupal should go through this function. This way, we guarantee consistent behavior, and ensure that the superuser can perform all actions.

34 calls to user_access()
block_admin_configure in modules/block/block.admin.inc
Menu callback; displays the block configuration form.
blog_page_user_access in modules/blog/blog.module
Access callback for user blog pages.
book_form_alter in modules/book/book.module
Implementation of hook_form_alter(). Adds the book fieldset to the node form.
comment_access in modules/comment/comment.module
This is *not* a hook_access() implementation. This function is called to determine whether the current user has access to a particular comment.
comment_save in modules/comment/comment.module
Accepts a submission of new or changed comment content.

... See full list

5 string references to 'user_access'
aggregator_menu in modules/aggregator/aggregator.module
Implementation of hook_menu().
menu_menu in modules/menu/menu.module
Implementation of hook_menu().
statistics_menu in modules/statistics/statistics.module
Implementation of hook_menu().
user_menu in modules/user/user.module
Implementation of hook_menu().
_menu_router_build in includes/menu.inc
Helper function to build the router table based on the data from hook_menu.


modules/user/user.module, line 511
Enables the user registration and login system.


function user_access($string, $account = NULL, $reset = FALSE) {
  global $user;
  static $perm = array();
  if ($reset) {
    $perm = array();
  if (!isset($account)) {
    $account = $user;

  // User #1 has all privileges:
  if ($account->uid == 1) {
    return TRUE;

  // To reduce the number of SQL queries, we cache the user's permissions
  // in a static variable.
  if (!isset($perm[$account->uid])) {
    $result = db_query("SELECT p.perm FROM {role} r INNER JOIN {permission} p ON p.rid = r.rid WHERE r.rid IN (" . db_placeholders($account->roles) . ")", array_keys($account->roles));
    $perms = array();
    while ($row = db_fetch_object($result)) {
      $perms += array_flip(explode(', ', $row->perm));
    $perm[$account->uid] = $perms;
  return isset($perm[$account->uid][$string]);


EvanDonovan’s picture

1) Define a permission in hook_perm() in your module, here called "coolstuff.module".

function coolstuff_perm() {
  return array('do cool stuff', 'do uncool stuff');

2) Grant it to your users at admin/user/permissions.

3) Check it in a function.

function coolstuff_init() {
  if (user_access('do cool stuff')) {
   drupal_set_message(t('You can do cool stuff!'));
  elseif (user_access('do uncool stuff')) {
    drupal_set_message(t('You can do uncool stuff.'));
  elseif (!user_access('do cool stuff') && !user_access('do uncool stuff')) {
   drupal_set_message(t("You can't do stuff at all."));

I personally have never used the $account parameter, but presume it could be used as follows:

function check_coolstuff($uid) {
  $account = user_load($uid);
  if (user_access('do cool stuff', $account)) {
    drupal_set_message(t("The user @username with uid @uid has the permission to do cool stuff.", array('@username' => $account->name, '@uid' => $account->uid));
mosys’s picture

Use this to forward administrators or editor to the administration page upon login:

  global $user;
  if ($user->uid == 1 || user_access('access administration pages')) {
    // Redirect admin to the administration page
    return 'admin';
  } else {
    return 'node';
PROMES’s picture

Your example can be written even shorter since user_access() does the check for userid 1 for you.

  if (user_access('access administration pages')) {
    // Redirect admin to the administration page
    return 'admin';
  } else {
    return 'node';
Madbreaks’s picture

return user_access('access administration pages') ? 'admin' : 'node';
fureigh’s picture

If you want to comply with the coding standards:

Always use curly braces even in situations where they are technically optional. Having them increases readability and decreases the likelihood of logic errors being introduced when new lines are added.