7.x common.inc drupal_strip_dangerous_protocols($uri)

Strips dangerous protocols (e.g. 'javascript:') from a URI.

This function must be called for all URIs within user-entered input prior to being output to an HTML attribute value. It is often called as part of check_url() or filter_xss(), but those functions return an HTML-encoded string, so this function can be called independently when the output needs to be a plain-text string for passing to t(), l(), drupal_attributes(), or another function that will call check_plain() separately.


$uri: A plain-text URI that might contain dangerous protocols.

Return value

A plain-text URI stripped of dangerous protocols. As with all plain-text strings, this return value must not be output to an HTML page without check_plain() being called on it. However, it can be passed to functions expecting plain-text strings.

See also


Related topics

7 calls to drupal_strip_dangerous_protocols()
check_url in includes/common.inc
Strips dangerous protocols from a URI and encodes it for output to HTML.
CommonXssUnitTest::testBadProtocolStripping in modules/simpletest/tests/common.test
Check that harmful protocols are stripped.
filter_xss_bad_protocol in includes/common.inc
Processes an HTML attribute value and strips dangerous protocols from URLs.
template_preprocess_html in includes/theme.inc
Preprocess variables for html.tpl.php
template_preprocess_maintenance_page in includes/theme.inc
Process variables for maintenance-page.tpl.php.

... See full list


includes/common.inc, line 1389
Common functions that many Drupal modules will need to reference.


function drupal_strip_dangerous_protocols($uri) {
  static $allowed_protocols;
  if (!isset($allowed_protocols)) {
    $allowed_protocols = array_flip(variable_get('filter_allowed_protocols', array(

  // Iteratively remove any invalid protocol found.
  do {
    $before = $uri;
    $colonpos = strpos($uri, ':');
    if ($colonpos > 0) {

      // We found a colon, possibly a protocol. Verify.
      $protocol = substr($uri, 0, $colonpos);

      // If a colon is preceded by a slash, question mark or hash, it cannot
      // possibly be part of the URL scheme. This must be a relative URL, which
      // inherits the (safe) protocol of the base document.
      if (preg_match('![/?#]!', $protocol)) {

      // Check if this is a disallowed protocol. Per RFC2616, section 3.2.3
      // (URI Comparison) scheme comparison must be case-insensitive.
      if (!isset($allowed_protocols[strtolower($protocol)])) {
        $uri = substr($uri, $colonpos + 1);
  } while ($before != $uri);
  return $uri;