1. 8.5.x core/lib/Drupal/Core/Access/AccessResult.php AccessResult
  2. 8.0.x core/lib/Drupal/Core/Access/AccessResult.php AccessResult
  3. 8.1.x core/lib/Drupal/Core/Access/AccessResult.php AccessResult
  4. 8.2.x core/lib/Drupal/Core/Access/AccessResult.php AccessResult
  5. 8.3.x core/lib/Drupal/Core/Access/AccessResult.php AccessResult
  6. 8.4.x core/lib/Drupal/Core/Access/AccessResult.php AccessResult
  7. 8.6.x core/lib/Drupal/Core/Access/AccessResult.php AccessResult

Value object for passing an access result with cacheability metadata.

The access result itself — excluding the cacheability metadata — is immutable. There are subclasses for each of the three possible access results themselves:

When using ::orIf() and ::andIf(), cacheability metadata will be merged accordingly as well.

Hierarchy

Expanded class hierarchy of AccessResult

See also

\Drupal\Core\Access\AccessResultAllowed

\Drupal\Core\Access\AccessResultForbidden

\Drupal\Core\Access\AccessResultNeutral

158 files declare their use of AccessResult
AccessAwareRouterTest.php in core/tests/Drupal/Tests/Core/Routing/AccessAwareRouterTest.php
AccessCheck.php in core/modules/system/tests/modules/menu_test/src/Access/AccessCheck.php
AccessManagerTest.php in core/tests/Drupal/Tests/Core/Access/AccessManagerTest.php
Contains \Drupal\Tests\Core\Access\AccessManagerTest.
AccessResultTest.php in core/tests/Drupal/Tests/Core/Access/AccessResultTest.php
Contains \Drupal\Tests\Core\Access\AccessResultTest.
ActionAjaxTest.php in core/modules/action/tests/action_form_ajax_test/src/Plugin/Action/ActionAjaxTest.php

... See full list

File

core/lib/Drupal/Core/Access/AccessResult.php, line 27

Namespace

Drupal\Core\Access
View source
abstract class AccessResult implements AccessResultInterface, RefinableCacheableDependencyInterface {
  use RefinableCacheableDependencyTrait;

  /**
   * Creates an AccessResultInterface object with isNeutral() === TRUE.
   *
   * @param string|null $reason
   *   (optional) The reason why access is forbidden. Intended for developers,
   *   hence not translatable.
   *
   * @return \Drupal\Core\Access\AccessResultNeutral
   *   isNeutral() will be TRUE.
   */
  public static function neutral($reason = NULL) {
    assert(is_string($reason) || is_null($reason));
    return new AccessResultNeutral($reason);
  }

  /**
   * Creates an AccessResultInterface object with isAllowed() === TRUE.
   *
   * @return \Drupal\Core\Access\AccessResultAllowed
   *   isAllowed() will be TRUE.
   */
  public static function allowed() {
    return new AccessResultAllowed();
  }

  /**
   * Creates an AccessResultInterface object with isForbidden() === TRUE.
   *
   * @param string|null $reason
   *   (optional) The reason why access is forbidden. Intended for developers,
   *   hence not translatable.
   *
   * @return \Drupal\Core\Access\AccessResultForbidden
   *   isForbidden() will be TRUE.
   */
  public static function forbidden($reason = NULL) {
    assert(is_string($reason) || is_null($reason));
    return new AccessResultForbidden($reason);
  }

  /**
   * Creates an allowed or neutral access result.
   *
   * @param bool $condition
   *   The condition to evaluate.
   *
   * @return \Drupal\Core\Access\AccessResult
   *   If $condition is TRUE, isAllowed() will be TRUE, otherwise isNeutral()
   *   will be TRUE.
   */
  public static function allowedIf($condition) {
    return $condition ? static::allowed() : static::neutral();
  }

  /**
   * Creates a forbidden or neutral access result.
   *
   * @param bool $condition
   *   The condition to evaluate.
   * @param string|null $reason
   *   (optional) The reason why access is forbidden. Intended for developers,
   *   hence not translatable
   *
   * @return \Drupal\Core\Access\AccessResult
   *   If $condition is TRUE, isForbidden() will be TRUE, otherwise isNeutral()
   *   will be TRUE.
   */
  public static function forbiddenIf($condition, $reason = NULL) {
    return $condition ? static::forbidden($reason) : static::neutral();
  }

  /**
   * Creates an allowed access result if the permission is present, neutral otherwise.
   *
   * Checks the permission and adds a 'user.permissions' cache context.
   *
   * @param \Drupal\Core\Session\AccountInterface $account
   *   The account for which to check a permission.
   * @param string $permission
   *   The permission to check for.
   *
   * @return \Drupal\Core\Access\AccessResult
   *   If the account has the permission, isAllowed() will be TRUE, otherwise
   *   isNeutral() will be TRUE.
   */
  public static function allowedIfHasPermission(AccountInterface $account, $permission) {
    $access_result = static::allowedIf($account
      ->hasPermission($permission))
      ->addCacheContexts([
      'user.permissions',
    ]);
    if ($access_result instanceof AccessResultReasonInterface) {
      $access_result
        ->setReason("The '{$permission}' permission is required.");
    }
    return $access_result;
  }

  /**
   * Creates an allowed access result if the permissions are present, neutral otherwise.
   *
   * Checks the permission and adds a 'user.permissions' cache contexts.
   *
   * @param \Drupal\Core\Session\AccountInterface $account
   *   The account for which to check permissions.
   * @param array $permissions
   *   The permissions to check.
   * @param string $conjunction
   *   (optional) 'AND' if all permissions are required, 'OR' in case just one.
   *   Defaults to 'AND'
   *
   * @return \Drupal\Core\Access\AccessResult
   *   If the account has the permissions, isAllowed() will be TRUE, otherwise
   *   isNeutral() will be TRUE.
   */
  public static function allowedIfHasPermissions(AccountInterface $account, array $permissions, $conjunction = 'AND') {
    $access = FALSE;
    if ($conjunction == 'AND' && !empty($permissions)) {
      $access = TRUE;
      foreach ($permissions as $permission) {
        if (!($permission_access = $account
          ->hasPermission($permission))) {
          $access = FALSE;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
    else {
      foreach ($permissions as $permission) {
        if ($permission_access = $account
          ->hasPermission($permission)) {
          $access = TRUE;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
    $access_result = static::allowedIf($access)
      ->addCacheContexts(empty($permissions) ? [] : [
      'user.permissions',
    ]);
    if ($access_result instanceof AccessResultReasonInterface) {
      if (count($permissions) === 1) {
        $access_result
          ->setReason("The '{$permission}' permission is required.");
      }
      elseif (count($permissions) > 1) {
        $quote = function ($s) {
          return "'{$s}'";
        };
        $access_result
          ->setReason(sprintf("The following permissions are required: %s.", implode(" {$conjunction} ", array_map($quote, $permissions))));
      }
    }
    return $access_result;
  }

  /**
   * {@inheritdoc}
   *
   * @see \Drupal\Core\Access\AccessResultAllowed
   */
  public function isAllowed() {
    return FALSE;
  }

  /**
   * {@inheritdoc}
   *
   * @see \Drupal\Core\Access\AccessResultForbidden
   */
  public function isForbidden() {
    return FALSE;
  }

  /**
   * {@inheritdoc}
   *
   * @see \Drupal\Core\Access\AccessResultNeutral
   */
  public function isNeutral() {
    return FALSE;
  }

  /**
   * {@inheritdoc}
   */
  public function getCacheContexts() {
    return $this->cacheContexts;
  }

  /**
   * {@inheritdoc}
   */
  public function getCacheTags() {
    return $this->cacheTags;
  }

  /**
   * {@inheritdoc}
   */
  public function getCacheMaxAge() {
    return $this->cacheMaxAge;
  }

  /**
   * Resets cache contexts (to the empty array).
   *
   * @return $this
   */
  public function resetCacheContexts() {
    $this->cacheContexts = [];
    return $this;
  }

  /**
   * Resets cache tags (to the empty array).
   *
   * @return $this
   */
  public function resetCacheTags() {
    $this->cacheTags = [];
    return $this;
  }

  /**
   * Sets the maximum age for which this access result may be cached.
   *
   * @param int $max_age
   *   The maximum time in seconds that this access result may be cached.
   *
   * @return $this
   */
  public function setCacheMaxAge($max_age) {
    $this->cacheMaxAge = $max_age;
    return $this;
  }

  /**
   * Convenience method, adds the "user.permissions" cache context.
   *
   * @return $this
   */
  public function cachePerPermissions() {
    $this
      ->addCacheContexts([
      'user.permissions',
    ]);
    return $this;
  }

  /**
   * Convenience method, adds the "user" cache context.
   *
   * @return $this
   */
  public function cachePerUser() {
    $this
      ->addCacheContexts([
      'user',
    ]);
    return $this;
  }

  /**
   * Convenience method, adds the entity's cache tag.
   *
   * @param \Drupal\Core\Entity\EntityInterface $entity
   *   The entity whose cache tag to set on the access result.
   *
   * @return $this
   *
   * @deprecated in Drupal 8.0.x-dev, will be removed before Drupal 9.0.0. Use
   *   ::addCacheableDependency() instead.
   */
  public function cacheUntilEntityChanges(EntityInterface $entity) {
    return $this
      ->addCacheableDependency($entity);
  }

  /**
   * Convenience method, adds the configuration object's cache tag.
   *
   * @param \Drupal\Core\Config\ConfigBase $configuration
   *   The configuration object whose cache tag to set on the access result.
   *
   * @return $this
   *
   * @deprecated in Drupal 8.0.x-dev, will be removed before Drupal 9.0.0. Use
   *   ::addCacheableDependency() instead.
   */
  public function cacheUntilConfigurationChanges(ConfigBase $configuration) {
    return $this
      ->addCacheableDependency($configuration);
  }

  /**
   * {@inheritdoc}
   */
  public function orIf(AccessResultInterface $other) {
    $merge_other = FALSE;

    // $other's cacheability metadata is merged if $merge_other gets set to TRUE
    // and this happens in three cases:
    // 1. $other's access result is the one that determines the combined access
    //    result.
    // 2. This access result is not cacheable and $other's access result is the
    //    same. i.e. attempt to return a cacheable access result.
    // 3. Neither access result is 'forbidden' and both are cacheable: inherit
    //    the other's cacheability metadata because it may turn into a
    //    'forbidden' for another value of the cache contexts in the
    //    cacheability metadata. In other words: this is necessary to respect
    //    the contagious nature of the 'forbidden' access result.
    //    e.g. we have two access results A and B. Neither is forbidden. A is
    //    globally cacheable (no cache contexts). B is cacheable per role. If we
    //    don't have merging case 3, then A->orIf(B) will be globally cacheable,
    //    which means that even if a user of a different role logs in, the
    //    cached access result will be used, even though for that other role, B
    //    is forbidden!
    if ($this
      ->isForbidden() || $other
      ->isForbidden()) {
      $result = static::forbidden();
      if (!$this
        ->isForbidden() || $this
        ->getCacheMaxAge() === 0 && $other
        ->isForbidden()) {
        $merge_other = TRUE;
      }
      if ($this
        ->isForbidden() && $this instanceof AccessResultReasonInterface) {
        $result
          ->setReason($this
          ->getReason());
      }
      elseif ($other
        ->isForbidden() && $other instanceof AccessResultReasonInterface) {
        $result
          ->setReason($other
          ->getReason());
      }
    }
    elseif ($this
      ->isAllowed() || $other
      ->isAllowed()) {
      $result = static::allowed();
      if (!$this
        ->isAllowed() || $this
        ->getCacheMaxAge() === 0 && $other
        ->isAllowed() || $this
        ->getCacheMaxAge() !== 0 && $other instanceof CacheableDependencyInterface && $other
        ->getCacheMaxAge() !== 0) {
        $merge_other = TRUE;
      }
    }
    else {
      $result = static::neutral();
      if (!$this
        ->isNeutral() || $this
        ->getCacheMaxAge() === 0 && $other
        ->isNeutral() || $this
        ->getCacheMaxAge() !== 0 && $other instanceof CacheableDependencyInterface && $other
        ->getCacheMaxAge() !== 0) {
        $merge_other = TRUE;
        if ($other instanceof AccessResultReasonInterface) {
          $result
            ->setReason($other
            ->getReason());
        }
      }
      else {
        if ($this instanceof AccessResultReasonInterface) {
          $result
            ->setReason($this
            ->getReason());
        }
      }
    }
    $result
      ->inheritCacheability($this);
    if ($merge_other) {
      $result
        ->inheritCacheability($other);
    }
    return $result;
  }

  /**
   * {@inheritdoc}
   */
  public function andIf(AccessResultInterface $other) {

    // The other access result's cacheability metadata is merged if $merge_other
    // gets set to TRUE. It gets set to TRUE in one case: if the other access
    // result is used.
    $merge_other = FALSE;
    if ($this
      ->isForbidden() || $other
      ->isForbidden()) {
      $result = static::forbidden();
      if (!$this
        ->isForbidden()) {
        if ($other instanceof AccessResultReasonInterface) {
          $result
            ->setReason($other
            ->getReason());
        }
        $merge_other = TRUE;
      }
      else {
        if ($this instanceof AccessResultReasonInterface) {
          $result
            ->setReason($this
            ->getReason());
        }
      }
    }
    elseif ($this
      ->isAllowed() && $other
      ->isAllowed()) {
      $result = static::allowed();
      $merge_other = TRUE;
    }
    else {
      $result = static::neutral();
      if (!$this
        ->isNeutral()) {
        $merge_other = TRUE;
        if ($other instanceof AccessResultReasonInterface) {
          $result
            ->setReason($other
            ->getReason());
        }
      }
      else {
        if ($this instanceof AccessResultReasonInterface) {
          $result
            ->setReason($this
            ->getReason());
        }
      }
    }
    $result
      ->inheritCacheability($this);
    if ($merge_other) {
      $result
        ->inheritCacheability($other);

      // If this access result is not cacheable, then an AND with another access
      // result must also not be cacheable, except if the other access result
      // has isForbidden() === TRUE. isForbidden() access results are contagious
      // in that they propagate regardless of the other value.
      if ($this
        ->getCacheMaxAge() === 0 && !$result
        ->isForbidden()) {
        $result
          ->setCacheMaxAge(0);
      }
    }
    return $result;
  }

  /**
   * Inherits the cacheability of the other access result, if any.
   *
   * inheritCacheability() differs from addCacheableDependency() in how it
   * handles max-age, because it is designed to inherit the cacheability of the
   * second operand in the andIf() and orIf() operations. There, the situation
   * "allowed, max-age=0 OR allowed, max-age=1000" needs to yield max-age 1000
   * as the end result.
   *
   * @param \Drupal\Core\Access\AccessResultInterface $other
   *   The other access result, whose cacheability (if any) to inherit.
   *
   * @return $this
   */
  public function inheritCacheability(AccessResultInterface $other) {
    $this
      ->addCacheableDependency($other);
    if ($other instanceof CacheableDependencyInterface) {
      if ($this
        ->getCacheMaxAge() !== 0 && $other
        ->getCacheMaxAge() !== 0) {
        $this
          ->setCacheMaxAge(Cache::mergeMaxAges($this
          ->getCacheMaxAge(), $other
          ->getCacheMaxAge()));
      }
      else {
        $this
          ->setCacheMaxAge($other
          ->getCacheMaxAge());
      }
    }
    return $this;
  }

}

Members

Contains filters are case sensitive
Namesort descending Modifiers Type Description Overrides
AccessResult::allowed public static function Creates an AccessResultInterface object with isAllowed() === TRUE.
AccessResult::allowedIf public static function Creates an allowed or neutral access result.
AccessResult::allowedIfHasPermission public static function Creates an allowed access result if the permission is present, neutral otherwise.
AccessResult::allowedIfHasPermissions public static function Creates an allowed access result if the permissions are present, neutral otherwise.
AccessResult::andIf public function Combine this access result with another using AND. Overrides AccessResultInterface::andIf
AccessResult::cachePerPermissions public function Convenience method, adds the "user.permissions" cache context.
AccessResult::cachePerUser public function Convenience method, adds the "user" cache context.
AccessResult::cacheUntilConfigurationChanges Deprecated public function Convenience method, adds the configuration object's cache tag.
AccessResult::cacheUntilEntityChanges Deprecated public function Convenience method, adds the entity's cache tag.
AccessResult::forbidden public static function Creates an AccessResultInterface object with isForbidden() === TRUE.
AccessResult::forbiddenIf public static function Creates a forbidden or neutral access result.
AccessResult::getCacheContexts public function The cache contexts associated with this object. Overrides CacheableDependencyTrait::getCacheContexts
AccessResult::getCacheMaxAge public function The maximum age for which this object may be cached. Overrides CacheableDependencyTrait::getCacheMaxAge
AccessResult::getCacheTags public function The cache tags associated with this object. Overrides CacheableDependencyTrait::getCacheTags
AccessResult::inheritCacheability public function Inherits the cacheability of the other access result, if any.
AccessResult::isAllowed public function Overrides AccessResultInterface::isAllowed
AccessResult::isForbidden public function Overrides AccessResultInterface::isForbidden
AccessResult::isNeutral public function Overrides AccessResultInterface::isNeutral
AccessResult::neutral public static function Creates an AccessResultInterface object with isNeutral() === TRUE.
AccessResult::orIf public function Combine this access result with another using OR. Overrides AccessResultInterface::orIf
AccessResult::resetCacheContexts public function Resets cache contexts (to the empty array).
AccessResult::resetCacheTags public function Resets cache tags (to the empty array).
AccessResult::setCacheMaxAge public function Sets the maximum age for which this access result may be cached.
CacheableDependencyTrait::$cacheContexts protected property Cache contexts.
CacheableDependencyTrait::$cacheMaxAge protected property Cache max-age.
CacheableDependencyTrait::$cacheTags protected property Cache tags.
CacheableDependencyTrait::setCacheability protected function Sets cacheability; useful for value object constructors.
RefinableCacheableDependencyTrait::addCacheableDependency public function Adds a dependency on an object: merges its cacheability metadata. Overrides RefinableCacheableDependencyInterface::addCacheableDependency
RefinableCacheableDependencyTrait::addCacheContexts public function Adds cache contexts. Overrides RefinableCacheableDependencyInterface::addCacheContexts
RefinableCacheableDependencyTrait::addCacheTags public function Adds cache tags. Overrides RefinableCacheableDependencyInterface::addCacheTags
RefinableCacheableDependencyTrait::mergeCacheMaxAge public function Merges the maximum age (in seconds) with the existing maximum age. Overrides RefinableCacheableDependencyInterface::mergeCacheMaxAge